Are health science students' beliefs about infant nutrition evidence-based?

Joan E. Dodgson, Molly Bloomfield, Myunghan Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Globally, breastfeeding is a fundamental health promotion strategy, improving the health of mothers and infants, well beyond childhood. Healthcare professionals have the responsibility of providing breastfeeding education to families. Worldwide, most healthcare professionals do not receive sufficient evidence-based education to adequately support breastfeeding families. Objectives: (1) What experiences have university health science students had with breastfeeding? (2) What are university health science students' beliefs and attitudes toward breast and formula feeding of infants? (3) What are the perceptions of university health science students about how other important people in their lives regard breastfeeding? (4) What are the relationships between students' personal experiences with breastfeeding and their beliefs and attitudes about infant feeding choices? Design: A descriptive cross-sectional survey conceptualized using the Theory of Planned Behavior. Setting: The health science college within a major metropolitan research university in the United States. Participants: Health science undergraduate and graduate students (N. = 514), who were over the age of 18 and who were enrolled during the spring of 2011. Methods: Validated survey instruments were used to collect the data on the Theory of Planned Behavior variables. The request for participants was done by emailing all health science students. If students chose to participate, they filled out an anonymous on-line survey. Results: Most participants were not parents; however, the majority of the 95 (21.05%) students who were parents reported their child was breastfed. Significantly more positive attitudes and beliefs were found in graduate students (n. = 101; 20.10%) when compared to undergraduates (n. = 403; 89.9%). Conclusions: Health science students' beliefs and attitudes toward infant nutrition often were not evidence-based. However, all students were remarkably consistent in their responses concerning formula feeding. Incorporating adequate education about human lactation is an unmet responsibility of university health science programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-99
Number of pages8
JournalNurse Education Today
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014

Fingerprint

health science
nutrition
infant
Students
Breast Feeding
Health
evidence
student
university
Education
parents
Parents
graduate
Delivery of Health Care
education
responsibility
Infant Formula
Health Promotion
online survey
Lactation

Keywords

  • Breastfeeding
  • Education
  • Health science students
  • Nursing students
  • Nutrition students
  • Theory of Planned Behavior
  • University students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Education

Cite this

Are health science students' beliefs about infant nutrition evidence-based? / Dodgson, Joan E.; Bloomfield, Molly; Choi, Myunghan.

In: Nurse Education Today, Vol. 34, No. 1, 01.2014, p. 92-99.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dodgson, Joan E. ; Bloomfield, Molly ; Choi, Myunghan. / Are health science students' beliefs about infant nutrition evidence-based?. In: Nurse Education Today. 2014 ; Vol. 34, No. 1. pp. 92-99.
@article{5421a7dfa6c646b6922e987642d0aa5d,
title = "Are health science students' beliefs about infant nutrition evidence-based?",
abstract = "Background: Globally, breastfeeding is a fundamental health promotion strategy, improving the health of mothers and infants, well beyond childhood. Healthcare professionals have the responsibility of providing breastfeeding education to families. Worldwide, most healthcare professionals do not receive sufficient evidence-based education to adequately support breastfeeding families. Objectives: (1) What experiences have university health science students had with breastfeeding? (2) What are university health science students' beliefs and attitudes toward breast and formula feeding of infants? (3) What are the perceptions of university health science students about how other important people in their lives regard breastfeeding? (4) What are the relationships between students' personal experiences with breastfeeding and their beliefs and attitudes about infant feeding choices? Design: A descriptive cross-sectional survey conceptualized using the Theory of Planned Behavior. Setting: The health science college within a major metropolitan research university in the United States. Participants: Health science undergraduate and graduate students (N. = 514), who were over the age of 18 and who were enrolled during the spring of 2011. Methods: Validated survey instruments were used to collect the data on the Theory of Planned Behavior variables. The request for participants was done by emailing all health science students. If students chose to participate, they filled out an anonymous on-line survey. Results: Most participants were not parents; however, the majority of the 95 (21.05{\%}) students who were parents reported their child was breastfed. Significantly more positive attitudes and beliefs were found in graduate students (n. = 101; 20.10{\%}) when compared to undergraduates (n. = 403; 89.9{\%}). Conclusions: Health science students' beliefs and attitudes toward infant nutrition often were not evidence-based. However, all students were remarkably consistent in their responses concerning formula feeding. Incorporating adequate education about human lactation is an unmet responsibility of university health science programs.",
keywords = "Breastfeeding, Education, Health science students, Nursing students, Nutrition students, Theory of Planned Behavior, University students",
author = "Dodgson, {Joan E.} and Molly Bloomfield and Myunghan Choi",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.nedt.2013.02.015",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "34",
pages = "92--99",
journal = "Nurse Education Today",
issn = "0260-6917",
publisher = "Churchill Livingstone",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Are health science students' beliefs about infant nutrition evidence-based?

AU - Dodgson, Joan E.

AU - Bloomfield, Molly

AU - Choi, Myunghan

PY - 2014/1

Y1 - 2014/1

N2 - Background: Globally, breastfeeding is a fundamental health promotion strategy, improving the health of mothers and infants, well beyond childhood. Healthcare professionals have the responsibility of providing breastfeeding education to families. Worldwide, most healthcare professionals do not receive sufficient evidence-based education to adequately support breastfeeding families. Objectives: (1) What experiences have university health science students had with breastfeeding? (2) What are university health science students' beliefs and attitudes toward breast and formula feeding of infants? (3) What are the perceptions of university health science students about how other important people in their lives regard breastfeeding? (4) What are the relationships between students' personal experiences with breastfeeding and their beliefs and attitudes about infant feeding choices? Design: A descriptive cross-sectional survey conceptualized using the Theory of Planned Behavior. Setting: The health science college within a major metropolitan research university in the United States. Participants: Health science undergraduate and graduate students (N. = 514), who were over the age of 18 and who were enrolled during the spring of 2011. Methods: Validated survey instruments were used to collect the data on the Theory of Planned Behavior variables. The request for participants was done by emailing all health science students. If students chose to participate, they filled out an anonymous on-line survey. Results: Most participants were not parents; however, the majority of the 95 (21.05%) students who were parents reported their child was breastfed. Significantly more positive attitudes and beliefs were found in graduate students (n. = 101; 20.10%) when compared to undergraduates (n. = 403; 89.9%). Conclusions: Health science students' beliefs and attitudes toward infant nutrition often were not evidence-based. However, all students were remarkably consistent in their responses concerning formula feeding. Incorporating adequate education about human lactation is an unmet responsibility of university health science programs.

AB - Background: Globally, breastfeeding is a fundamental health promotion strategy, improving the health of mothers and infants, well beyond childhood. Healthcare professionals have the responsibility of providing breastfeeding education to families. Worldwide, most healthcare professionals do not receive sufficient evidence-based education to adequately support breastfeeding families. Objectives: (1) What experiences have university health science students had with breastfeeding? (2) What are university health science students' beliefs and attitudes toward breast and formula feeding of infants? (3) What are the perceptions of university health science students about how other important people in their lives regard breastfeeding? (4) What are the relationships between students' personal experiences with breastfeeding and their beliefs and attitudes about infant feeding choices? Design: A descriptive cross-sectional survey conceptualized using the Theory of Planned Behavior. Setting: The health science college within a major metropolitan research university in the United States. Participants: Health science undergraduate and graduate students (N. = 514), who were over the age of 18 and who were enrolled during the spring of 2011. Methods: Validated survey instruments were used to collect the data on the Theory of Planned Behavior variables. The request for participants was done by emailing all health science students. If students chose to participate, they filled out an anonymous on-line survey. Results: Most participants were not parents; however, the majority of the 95 (21.05%) students who were parents reported their child was breastfed. Significantly more positive attitudes and beliefs were found in graduate students (n. = 101; 20.10%) when compared to undergraduates (n. = 403; 89.9%). Conclusions: Health science students' beliefs and attitudes toward infant nutrition often were not evidence-based. However, all students were remarkably consistent in their responses concerning formula feeding. Incorporating adequate education about human lactation is an unmet responsibility of university health science programs.

KW - Breastfeeding

KW - Education

KW - Health science students

KW - Nursing students

KW - Nutrition students

KW - Theory of Planned Behavior

KW - University students

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84888131513&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84888131513&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.nedt.2013.02.015

DO - 10.1016/j.nedt.2013.02.015

M3 - Article

VL - 34

SP - 92

EP - 99

JO - Nurse Education Today

JF - Nurse Education Today

SN - 0260-6917

IS - 1

ER -