Are Exaggerated Health Complaints Continuous or Categorical? A Taxometric Analysis of the Health Problem Overstatement Scale

Glenn D. Walters, David T R Berry, Richard I. Lanyon, Michael P. Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A taxometric analysis of 3 factor scales extracted from the Health Problem Overstatement (HPO) scale of the Psychological Screening Inventory (PSI; R. I. Lanyon, 1970, 1978) was performed on the data from 1,240 forensic and psychiatric patients. Mean above minus below a cut, maximum covariance, and latent-mode factor analyses produced results indicative of dimensional latent structure for the exaggerated health complaints construct. The outcome of this and several other recent taxometric investigations indicates that across 3 different domains of feigning (i.e., psychiatric symptoms, memory problems, and health complaints), the overall feigning construct is ordered continuously along 1 or more dimensions rather than partitioned into discrete categories of malingerers and nonmalingerers. These findings call for more research on the extent to which the different domains of feigning share 1 or more dimensions in common.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-226
Number of pages8
JournalPsychological Assessment
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2009

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Statistical Factor Analysis
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Keywords

  • health complaint exaggeration
  • malingering
  • Psychological Screening Inventory
  • taxometric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Are Exaggerated Health Complaints Continuous or Categorical? A Taxometric Analysis of the Health Problem Overstatement Scale. / Walters, Glenn D.; Berry, David T R; Lanyon, Richard I.; Murphy, Michael P.

In: Psychological Assessment, Vol. 21, No. 2, 06.2009, p. 219-226.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Walters, Glenn D. ; Berry, David T R ; Lanyon, Richard I. ; Murphy, Michael P. / Are Exaggerated Health Complaints Continuous or Categorical? A Taxometric Analysis of the Health Problem Overstatement Scale. In: Psychological Assessment. 2009 ; Vol. 21, No. 2. pp. 219-226.
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