Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with Populus-Salix stands in a semiarid riparian ecosystem

Vanessa B. Beauchamp, Juliet Stromberg, Jean C. Stutz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

• This study examined the activity, species richness, and species composition of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal (AMF) community of Populus-Salix stands on the Verde River (Arizona, USA), quantified patterns of AMF richness and colonization along complex floodplain gradients, and identified environmental variables responsible for structuring the AMF community. • Samples from 61 Populus-Salix stands were analyzed for AMF and herbaceous composition, AMF colonization, gravimetric soil moisture, soil texture, per cent organic matter, pH, and concentrations of nitrate, bicarbonate phosphorus and exchangeable potassium. • AMF species richness declined with stand age and distance from and elevation above the channel and was positively related to perennial species cover and richness and gravimetric soil moisture. Distance from and elevation above the active channel, forest age, annual species cover, perennial species richness, and exchangeable potassium concentration all played a role in structuring the AMF community in this riparian area. • Most AMF species were found across a wide range of soil conditions, but a subset of species tended to occur more often in hydric areas. This group of riparian affiliate AMF species includes several not previously encountered in the surrounding Sonoran desert.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-380
Number of pages12
JournalNew Phytologist
Volume170
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2006

Fingerprint

Salix
Populus
Soil moisture
Fungi
Ecosystems
mycorrhizal fungi
Ecosystem
fungal communities
Potassium
Soil
exchangeable potassium
Soils
species diversity
ecosystems
Bicarbonates
Chemical analysis
Nitrates
Biological materials
Phosphorus
Textures

Keywords

  • Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
  • Nonmetric multidimensional scaling
  • Populus fremontii
  • Riparian
  • River
  • Semiarid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with Populus-Salix stands in a semiarid riparian ecosystem. / Beauchamp, Vanessa B.; Stromberg, Juliet; Stutz, Jean C.

In: New Phytologist, Vol. 170, No. 2, 04.2006, p. 369-380.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Beauchamp, Vanessa B. ; Stromberg, Juliet ; Stutz, Jean C. / Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with Populus-Salix stands in a semiarid riparian ecosystem. In: New Phytologist. 2006 ; Vol. 170, No. 2. pp. 369-380.
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