Applying systems engineering principles in improving health care delivery

Renata Kopach-Konrad, Mark Lawley, Mike Criswell, Imran Hasan, Santanu Chakraborty, Joseph Pekny, Bradley Doebbeling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In a highly publicized joint report, the National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine recently recommended the systematic application of systems engineering approaches for reforming our health care delivery system. For this to happen, medical professionals and managers need to understand and appreciate the power that systems engineering concepts and tools can bring to redesigning and improving health care environments and practices. OBJECTIVE: To present and discuss fundamental concepts and tools of systems engineering and important parallels between systems engineering, health services, and implementation research as it pertains to the care of complex patients. DESIGN: An exploratory, qualitative review of systems engineering concepts and overview of ongoing applications of these concepts in the areas of hemodialysis, radiation therapy, and patient flow modeling. RESULTS: In this paper, we describe systems engineering as the process of identifying the system of interest, choosing appropriate performance measures, selecting the best modeling tool, studying model properties and behavior under a variety of scenarios, and making design and operational decisions for implementation. CONCLUSIONS: We discuss challenges and opportunities for bringing people with systems engineering skills into health care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)431-437
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of General Internal Medicine
Volume22
Issue numberSUPPL. 3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Delivery of Health Care
National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (U.S.) Health and Medicine Division
Health Services Research
Renal Dialysis
Patient Care
Radiotherapy
Joints

Keywords

  • Health care engineering
  • Health services research
  • Patient modeling
  • Systems approach
  • Systems engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Kopach-Konrad, R., Lawley, M., Criswell, M., Hasan, I., Chakraborty, S., Pekny, J., & Doebbeling, B. (2007). Applying systems engineering principles in improving health care delivery. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 22(SUPPL. 3), 431-437. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-007-0292-3

Applying systems engineering principles in improving health care delivery. / Kopach-Konrad, Renata; Lawley, Mark; Criswell, Mike; Hasan, Imran; Chakraborty, Santanu; Pekny, Joseph; Doebbeling, Bradley.

In: Journal of General Internal Medicine, Vol. 22, No. SUPPL. 3, 12.2007, p. 431-437.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kopach-Konrad, R, Lawley, M, Criswell, M, Hasan, I, Chakraborty, S, Pekny, J & Doebbeling, B 2007, 'Applying systems engineering principles in improving health care delivery', Journal of General Internal Medicine, vol. 22, no. SUPPL. 3, pp. 431-437. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-007-0292-3
Kopach-Konrad R, Lawley M, Criswell M, Hasan I, Chakraborty S, Pekny J et al. Applying systems engineering principles in improving health care delivery. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2007 Dec;22(SUPPL. 3):431-437. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-007-0292-3
Kopach-Konrad, Renata ; Lawley, Mark ; Criswell, Mike ; Hasan, Imran ; Chakraborty, Santanu ; Pekny, Joseph ; Doebbeling, Bradley. / Applying systems engineering principles in improving health care delivery. In: Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2007 ; Vol. 22, No. SUPPL. 3. pp. 431-437.
@article{c5b9ff4cbd074d74bb1b17d9edfad31b,
title = "Applying systems engineering principles in improving health care delivery",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: In a highly publicized joint report, the National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine recently recommended the systematic application of systems engineering approaches for reforming our health care delivery system. For this to happen, medical professionals and managers need to understand and appreciate the power that systems engineering concepts and tools can bring to redesigning and improving health care environments and practices. OBJECTIVE: To present and discuss fundamental concepts and tools of systems engineering and important parallels between systems engineering, health services, and implementation research as it pertains to the care of complex patients. DESIGN: An exploratory, qualitative review of systems engineering concepts and overview of ongoing applications of these concepts in the areas of hemodialysis, radiation therapy, and patient flow modeling. RESULTS: In this paper, we describe systems engineering as the process of identifying the system of interest, choosing appropriate performance measures, selecting the best modeling tool, studying model properties and behavior under a variety of scenarios, and making design and operational decisions for implementation. CONCLUSIONS: We discuss challenges and opportunities for bringing people with systems engineering skills into health care.",
keywords = "Health care engineering, Health services research, Patient modeling, Systems approach, Systems engineering",
author = "Renata Kopach-Konrad and Mark Lawley and Mike Criswell and Imran Hasan and Santanu Chakraborty and Joseph Pekny and Bradley Doebbeling",
year = "2007",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1007/s11606-007-0292-3",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "22",
pages = "431--437",
journal = "Journal of General Internal Medicine",
issn = "0884-8734",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "SUPPL. 3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Applying systems engineering principles in improving health care delivery

AU - Kopach-Konrad, Renata

AU - Lawley, Mark

AU - Criswell, Mike

AU - Hasan, Imran

AU - Chakraborty, Santanu

AU - Pekny, Joseph

AU - Doebbeling, Bradley

PY - 2007/12

Y1 - 2007/12

N2 - BACKGROUND: In a highly publicized joint report, the National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine recently recommended the systematic application of systems engineering approaches for reforming our health care delivery system. For this to happen, medical professionals and managers need to understand and appreciate the power that systems engineering concepts and tools can bring to redesigning and improving health care environments and practices. OBJECTIVE: To present and discuss fundamental concepts and tools of systems engineering and important parallels between systems engineering, health services, and implementation research as it pertains to the care of complex patients. DESIGN: An exploratory, qualitative review of systems engineering concepts and overview of ongoing applications of these concepts in the areas of hemodialysis, radiation therapy, and patient flow modeling. RESULTS: In this paper, we describe systems engineering as the process of identifying the system of interest, choosing appropriate performance measures, selecting the best modeling tool, studying model properties and behavior under a variety of scenarios, and making design and operational decisions for implementation. CONCLUSIONS: We discuss challenges and opportunities for bringing people with systems engineering skills into health care.

AB - BACKGROUND: In a highly publicized joint report, the National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine recently recommended the systematic application of systems engineering approaches for reforming our health care delivery system. For this to happen, medical professionals and managers need to understand and appreciate the power that systems engineering concepts and tools can bring to redesigning and improving health care environments and practices. OBJECTIVE: To present and discuss fundamental concepts and tools of systems engineering and important parallels between systems engineering, health services, and implementation research as it pertains to the care of complex patients. DESIGN: An exploratory, qualitative review of systems engineering concepts and overview of ongoing applications of these concepts in the areas of hemodialysis, radiation therapy, and patient flow modeling. RESULTS: In this paper, we describe systems engineering as the process of identifying the system of interest, choosing appropriate performance measures, selecting the best modeling tool, studying model properties and behavior under a variety of scenarios, and making design and operational decisions for implementation. CONCLUSIONS: We discuss challenges and opportunities for bringing people with systems engineering skills into health care.

KW - Health care engineering

KW - Health services research

KW - Patient modeling

KW - Systems approach

KW - Systems engineering

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=36448945451&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=36448945451&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11606-007-0292-3

DO - 10.1007/s11606-007-0292-3

M3 - Article

C2 - 18026813

AN - SCOPUS:36448945451

VL - 22

SP - 431

EP - 437

JO - Journal of General Internal Medicine

JF - Journal of General Internal Medicine

SN - 0884-8734

IS - SUPPL. 3

ER -