Applying crowdsourcing techniques in urban planning

A bibliometric analysis of research and practice prospects

Pinchao Liao, Yaolin Wan, Pingbo Tang, Chunlin Wu, Yumeng Hu, Sichun Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Urban planning requires more public involvement and larger group participation to achieve scientific and democratic decision making. Crowdsourcing is a novel approach to gathering information, encouraging innovation and facilitating group decision-making. Unfortunately, although previous research has explored the utility of crowdsourcing applied to urban planning theoretically, there are still rare real practices or empirical studies using practical data. This study aims to identify the prospects for implementing crowdsourcing in urban planning through a bibliometric analysis on current research. First, database and keyword lists based on peer-reviewed journal articles were developed. Second, semantic analysis is applied to quantify co-occurrence frequencies of various terms in the articles based on the keyword lists, and in turn a semantic network is built. Then, cluster analysis was conducted to identify major and correlated research topics, and bursting key terms were analyzed and explained chronologically. Lastly, future research and practical trends were discussed. The major contribution of this study is identifying crowdsourcing as a novel urban planning method, which can strengthen government capacities by involving public participation, i.e., turning governments into task givers. Regarding future patterns, the application of crowdsourcing in urban planning is expected to expand to transportation, public health and environmental issues. It is also indicated that the use of crowdsourcing requires governments to adjust urban planning mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-43
Number of pages11
JournalCities
Volume94
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019

Fingerprint

urban planning
semantics
decision making
planning method
planning methods
participation
group decision
cluster analysis
environmental issue
analysis
Urban planning
Bibliometric analysis
public health
innovation
trend
Government
Group

Keywords

  • Bibliometric analysis
  • Crowdsourcing
  • Prospects
  • Semantic network
  • Urban planning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Urban Studies
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

Cite this

Applying crowdsourcing techniques in urban planning : A bibliometric analysis of research and practice prospects. / Liao, Pinchao; Wan, Yaolin; Tang, Pingbo; Wu, Chunlin; Hu, Yumeng; Zhang, Sichun.

In: Cities, Vol. 94, 01.11.2019, p. 33-43.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liao, Pinchao ; Wan, Yaolin ; Tang, Pingbo ; Wu, Chunlin ; Hu, Yumeng ; Zhang, Sichun. / Applying crowdsourcing techniques in urban planning : A bibliometric analysis of research and practice prospects. In: Cities. 2019 ; Vol. 94. pp. 33-43.
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