Antineoplastic Agents. 585. Isolation of Bridelia ferruginea Anticancer Podophyllotoxins and Synthesis of 4-Aza-podophyllotoxin Structural Modifications

George Pettit, Justin D. Searcy, Rui Tan, Gordon M. Cragg, Noeleen Melody, John C. Knight, Jean Chapuis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cytotoxic constituents of the terrestrial plant Bridelia ferruginea were isolated using bioactivity-guided fractionation, which revealed the presence of the previously known deoxypodophyllotoxin (1), isopicrodeoxypodophyllotoxin (2), β-peltatin (3), β-peltatin-5-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (3a), and the indole neoechinulin (4). As an extension of previous podophyllotoxin research, SAR studies were undertaken focused on 4-aza-podophyllotoxin structural modifications. A number of such derivatives were synthesized following modifications to the A and E rings. Such structural modifications with alkyl and 4-fluorobenzyl substituents at the 4-aza position provided the most potent cancer cell growth inhibitory activity (GI50 0.1 to <0.03 μg/mL) against a panel of six human cancer cell lines and one murine cancer cell line. Several compounds corresponding to 4′-demethylated modifications were also synthesized and found to be significantly less potent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)507-518
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Natural Products
Volume79
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 25 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Organic Chemistry

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