Antimicrobial properties of graphene nanomaterials: Mechanisms and applications

Adel Soroush, Douglas Rice, Md Saifur Rahaman, Francois Perreault

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nanotechnology opens new possibilities for the development of antimicrobial materials. Of particular interest are graphene-based nanomaterials, which possess unique antimicrobial properties and offer multiple routes for functionalization into advanced nanocomposite materials. In this chapter, we review the current state of knowledge regarding the fundamental aspects of the antimicrobial interactions of graphene and graphene-based materials. Then, an overview of the multiple graphene-based composite materials developed for antimicrobial applications is provided, with an analysis of the different chemical functionalization routes used to modify graphene and graphene oxide with biocidal compounds. An analysis of the potential of graphene-based nanomaterials in the development of novel antimicrobial surfaces and coatings is also conducted, with an emphasis on the field of membrane processes, where significant developments have been made. Finally, promising avenues for material development are identified and critical questions surrounding graphene-based nanomaterials are discussed, providing a guide for future development and application of antimicrobial graphene-based materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCarbon Nanostructures
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages287-322
Number of pages36
Edition9783319456379
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Publication series

NameCarbon Nanostructures
Number9783319456379
ISSN (Print)2191-3005
ISSN (Electronic)2191-3013

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial activity
  • Antimicrobial potential
  • Antimicrobial property
  • Extracellular polymeric substance
  • Membrane fouling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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