Anoxic depositional overprinting of 238U/235U in calcite: When do carbonates tell black shale tales?

Xinming Chen, Stephen J. Romaniello, Michael McCormick, Alyssa Sherry, Jeff R. Havig, Wang Zheng, Ariel D. Anbar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The fidelity of uranium isotopes (δ238U) in marine carbonates as a paleoredox proxy relies on whether carbonates can record and preserve seawater δ238U. Although modern carbonate sediments deposited under oxic conditions have been shown to track seawater δ238U, it remains unknown whether this is true for carbonates deposited under anoxic conditions. This is a crucial question because many ancient carbonates were likely deposited or reworked under anoxic bottom waters. To better understand the behavior of uranium isotopes under this scenario, we investigated U isotope geochemistry in the meromictic Fayetteville Green Lake (FGL; New York, USA), where primary calcite is precipitated from oxic surface waters, sinks past the chemocline, and is deposited under anoxic bottom waters. We observed significant depletions of dissolved U concentration (from 2.7 to 0.9 ppb) and δ238U (from –0.55‰ to –0.96‰) below the chemocline in FGL. Parallel with these depletions, δ238U of sediment traps increased progressively from –0.51‰ to –0.16‰, suggesting that U(VI) reduction was occurring in the anoxic water column. Carbonate sediments deposited under anoxic bottom waters were enriched in U by 6–18× compared to primary calcite. Our data suggest that such significant authigenic U enrichments resulted from U(VI) reduction in the anoxic water column and below the sediment-water interface. The δ238U value in the top 0.25 cm of sediments was –0.29‰ ± 0.10‰, overprinting original δ238U in primary calcite (–0.51‰ ± 0.02‰). Future applications of carbonate δ238U as a paleoredox proxy should consider depositional environments (oxic vs. anoxic) of carbonates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1193-1197
Number of pages5
JournalGeology
Volume49
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Anoxic depositional overprinting of 238U/235U in calcite: When do carbonates tell black shale tales?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this