Analysis of the Intrinsic Mid-infrared L band to Visible-Near-infrared Flux Ratios in Spectral Synthesis Models of Composite Stellar Populations

Duho Kim, Rolf A. Jansen, Rogier Windhorst

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We analyze the intrinsic flux ratios of various visible-near-infrared filters with respect to 3.5 μm for simple and composite stellar populations (CSPs), and their dependence on age, metallicity, and star formation history (SFH). UV/optical light from stars is reddened and attenuated by dust, where different sightlines across a galaxy suffer varying amounts of extinction. Tamura et al. (2009) developed an approximate method to correct for dust extinction on a pixel-by-pixel basis, dubbed the "" method, by comparing the observed flux ratio to an empirical estimate of the intrinsic ratio of visible and ∼3.5 μm data. Through extensive modeling, we aim to validate the "" method for various filters spanning the visible through near-infrared wavelength range, for a wide variety of simple and CSPs. Combining Starburst99 and BC03 models, we built spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of simple (SSP) and composite (CSP) stellar populations for various realistic SFHs, while taking metallicity evolution into account. We convolve various 0.44-1.65 μm filter throughput curves with each model SED to obtain intrinsic flux ratios . When unconstrained in redshift, the total allowed range of is 0.6-4.7, or almost a factor of eight. At known redshifts, and in particular at low redshifts (z ≲ 0.01), is predicted to span a narrow range of 0.6-1.9, especially for early-type galaxies (0.6-0.7), and is consistent with observed values. The method can therefore serve as a first-order dust-correction method for large galaxy surveys that combine JWST (rest-frame 3.5 μm) and HST (rest-frame visible-near-IR) data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number28
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume840
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

Fingerprint

ultrahigh frequencies
near infrared
composite materials
dust
synthesis
galaxies
spectral energy distribution
metallicity
filter
extinction
pixels
infrared filters
pixel
filters
James Webb Space Telescope
star formation
histories
energy
stars
method

Keywords

  • dust extinction
  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: photometry
  • galaxies: stellar content
  • methods: data analysis
  • surveys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

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title = "Analysis of the Intrinsic Mid-infrared L band to Visible-Near-infrared Flux Ratios in Spectral Synthesis Models of Composite Stellar Populations",
abstract = "We analyze the intrinsic flux ratios of various visible-near-infrared filters with respect to 3.5 μm for simple and composite stellar populations (CSPs), and their dependence on age, metallicity, and star formation history (SFH). UV/optical light from stars is reddened and attenuated by dust, where different sightlines across a galaxy suffer varying amounts of extinction. Tamura et al. (2009) developed an approximate method to correct for dust extinction on a pixel-by-pixel basis, dubbed the {"}{"} method, by comparing the observed flux ratio to an empirical estimate of the intrinsic ratio of visible and ∼3.5 μm data. Through extensive modeling, we aim to validate the {"}{"} method for various filters spanning the visible through near-infrared wavelength range, for a wide variety of simple and CSPs. Combining Starburst99 and BC03 models, we built spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of simple (SSP) and composite (CSP) stellar populations for various realistic SFHs, while taking metallicity evolution into account. We convolve various 0.44-1.65 μm filter throughput curves with each model SED to obtain intrinsic flux ratios . When unconstrained in redshift, the total allowed range of is 0.6-4.7, or almost a factor of eight. At known redshifts, and in particular at low redshifts (z ≲ 0.01), is predicted to span a narrow range of 0.6-1.9, especially for early-type galaxies (0.6-0.7), and is consistent with observed values. The method can therefore serve as a first-order dust-correction method for large galaxy surveys that combine JWST (rest-frame 3.5 μm) and HST (rest-frame visible-near-IR) data.",
keywords = "dust extinction, galaxies: evolution, galaxies: photometry, galaxies: stellar content, methods: data analysis, surveys",
author = "Duho Kim and Jansen, {Rolf A.} and Rogier Windhorst",
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AU - Windhorst, Rogier

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N2 - We analyze the intrinsic flux ratios of various visible-near-infrared filters with respect to 3.5 μm for simple and composite stellar populations (CSPs), and their dependence on age, metallicity, and star formation history (SFH). UV/optical light from stars is reddened and attenuated by dust, where different sightlines across a galaxy suffer varying amounts of extinction. Tamura et al. (2009) developed an approximate method to correct for dust extinction on a pixel-by-pixel basis, dubbed the "" method, by comparing the observed flux ratio to an empirical estimate of the intrinsic ratio of visible and ∼3.5 μm data. Through extensive modeling, we aim to validate the "" method for various filters spanning the visible through near-infrared wavelength range, for a wide variety of simple and CSPs. Combining Starburst99 and BC03 models, we built spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of simple (SSP) and composite (CSP) stellar populations for various realistic SFHs, while taking metallicity evolution into account. We convolve various 0.44-1.65 μm filter throughput curves with each model SED to obtain intrinsic flux ratios . When unconstrained in redshift, the total allowed range of is 0.6-4.7, or almost a factor of eight. At known redshifts, and in particular at low redshifts (z ≲ 0.01), is predicted to span a narrow range of 0.6-1.9, especially for early-type galaxies (0.6-0.7), and is consistent with observed values. The method can therefore serve as a first-order dust-correction method for large galaxy surveys that combine JWST (rest-frame 3.5 μm) and HST (rest-frame visible-near-IR) data.

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