Analysis of long-term European temperature records: 1751-1995

Robert Balling, R. S. Vose, G. R. Weber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Monthly temperature records are assembled for 57 European stations, with some of the records extending nearly two and a half centuries. Our analyses reveal a statistically significant warming of approximately 0.5°C over the period 1751 to 1995. The period of most rapid warming in Europe occurred between 1890 and 1950, and there is quantitative evidence that some of the observed warming during this 60 yr period may be related to urbanization or other local effects; no warming was observed in the most recent half century. Urban effects or other local contaminations in the earliest records could not be quantified due to a dearth of reliable comparable data. The long-term warming in Europe has been confined to the low-sun months, and the coldest period since 1751 occurred near 1890.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-200
Number of pages8
JournalClimate Research
Volume10
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 10 1999

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Sun
Contamination
warming
temperature
Temperature
urbanization
analysis
Europe
effect

Keywords

  • Europe
  • Temperature records
  • Urban effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Analysis of long-term European temperature records : 1751-1995. / Balling, Robert; Vose, R. S.; Weber, G. R.

In: Climate Research, Vol. 10, No. 3, 10.12.1999, p. 193-200.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Balling, R, Vose, RS & Weber, GR 1999, 'Analysis of long-term European temperature records: 1751-1995', Climate Research, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 193-200.
Balling, Robert ; Vose, R. S. ; Weber, G. R. / Analysis of long-term European temperature records : 1751-1995. In: Climate Research. 1999 ; Vol. 10, No. 3. pp. 193-200.
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