Analysis of childhood pedestrian deaths in New Mexico, 1986-1990

Lenora M. Olson, David P. Sklar, Loren Cobb, Robert Sapien, Ross Zumwalt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study objective: To determine if the mechanism of fatal childhood pedestrian injuries correlated with location, injury pattern, and age of the pedestrian and to determine ethnic differences in fatality rates. Design: Retrospective review of state medical investigator reports and autopsies from 1986 to 1990. Logistic regression and χ2 were used to test for statistically significant differences between the groups in our data set. Type of participants: New Mexican children, 0 to 14 years old fatally injured by moving vehicles. Results: Sixty-four children died for an overall fatality rate of 3.8 (per 100,000). Native American children and children younger than 5 years experienced the highest fatality rates. Children younger than 5 years were more likely to be crushed under the wheels of a slow-moving vehicle in both a nontraffic and a traffic location, whereas older children were found more often to have died from injuries from a high-speed impact event in a traffic location (P < .001). Leg fractures (P = .001) and spinal fractures (P = .02) occurred more frequently in impact than crush injuries. Conclusion: Young children are at risk for a crush injury in both the traffic and nontraffic environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)512-516
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Emergency Medicine
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cross-cultural comparison
  • pedestrian

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

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