Analysis and design optimization of flexible pavement

Michael Mamlouk, John P. Zaniewski, Wei He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

A project-level optimization approach was developed to minimize total pavement cost within an analysis period. Using this approach, the designer is able to select the optimum initial pavement thickness, overlay thickness, and overlay timing. The model in this approach is capable of predicting both pavement performance and condition in terms of roughness, fatigue cracking, and rutting. The developed model combines the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) design procedure and the mechanistic multilayer elastic solution. The Optimization for Pavement Analysis (OPA) computer program was developed using the prescribed approach. The OPA program incorporates the AASHTO equations, the multilayer elastic system ELSYM5 model, and the nonlinear dynamic programming optimization technique. The program is PC-based and can run in either a Windows 3.1 or a Windows 95 environment. Using the OPA program, a typical pavement section was analyzed under different traffic volumes and material properties. The optimum design strategy that produces the minimum total pavement cost in each case was determined. The initial construction cost, overlay cost, highway user cost, and total pavement cost were also calculated. The methodology developed during this research should lead to more cost-effective pavements for agencies adopting the recommended analysis methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-167
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Transportation Engineering
Volume126
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Transportation

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