Analysis and characterization of damage and failure utilizing a generalized composite material model suitable for use in impact problems

R. K. Goldberg, K. S. Carney, P. Dubois, B. Khaled, C. Hoffarth, Subramaniam Rajan, G. Blankenhorn

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A material model which incorporates several key capabilities which have been identified by the aerospace community as lacking in state-of-the art composite impact models is under development. In particular, a next generation composite impact material model, jointly developed by the FAA and NASA, is being implemented into the commercial transient dynamic finite element code LS-DYNA. The material model, which incorporates plasticity, damage, and failure, utilizes experimentally based tabulated input to define the evolution of plasticity and damage and the initiation of failure as opposed to specifying discrete input parameters (such as modulus and strength). The plasticity portion of the orthotropic, three-dimensional, macroscopic composite constitutive model is based on an extension of the Tsai-Wu composite failure model into a generalized yield function with a non-associative flow rule. For the damage model, a strain equivalent formulation is utilized to allow for the uncoupling of the deformation and damage analyses. In the damage model, a semicoupled approach is employed where the overall damage in a particular coordinate direction is assumed to be a multiplicative combination of the damage in that direction resulting from the applied loads in the various coordinate directions. Due to the fact that the plasticity and damage models are uncoupled, test procedures and methods to both characterize the damage model and to covert the material stress-strain curves from the true (damaged) stress space to the effective (undamaged) stress space have been developed. A methodology has been developed to input the experimentally determined composite failure surface in a tabulated manner. An analytical approach is then utilized to track how close the current stress state is to the failure surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the American Society for Composites - 31st Technical Conference, ASC 2016
PublisherDEStech Publications Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781605953168
StatePublished - 2016
Event31st Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites, ASC 2016 - Williamsburg, United States
Duration: Sep 19 2016Sep 21 2016

Other

Other31st Annual Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites, ASC 2016
CountryUnited States
CityWilliamsburg
Period9/19/169/21/16

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites

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