Analogical Reasoning and Conceptual Change: A Case Study of Johannes Kepler

Dedre Gentner, Sarah Brem, Ronald W. Ferguson, Arthur B. Markman, Björn B. Levidow, Phillip Wolff, Kenneth D. Forbus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

94 Scopus citations

Abstract

The work of Johannes Kepler offers clear examples of conceptual change. In this article, using Kepler's work as a case study, we argue that analogical reasoning facilitates change of knowledge in four ways: (a) highlighting, (b) projection, (c) rerepresentation, and (d) restructuring. We present these four mechanisms within the context of structure-mapping theory and its computational implementation, the structure-mapping engine. We exemplify these mechanisms using the extended analogies Kepler used in developing a causal theory of planetary motion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-40
Number of pages38
JournalJournal of the Learning Sciences
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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    Gentner, D., Brem, S., Ferguson, R. W., Markman, A. B., Levidow, B. B., Wolff, P., & Forbus, K. D. (1997). Analogical Reasoning and Conceptual Change: A Case Study of Johannes Kepler. Journal of the Learning Sciences, 6(1), 3-40. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327809jls0601_2