An unusually energetic basaltic phreatomagmatic eruption

Using deposit characteristics to constrain dilute pyroclastic density current dynamics

Brittany D. Brand, Amanda Clarke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Multiple, highly erosive base surges of the Table Rock Complex tuff ring (TRC2), Oregon, produced dune-bedded deposits with crest to crest bedform wavelengths up to 200m, which are amongst the largest ever recognized in the deposits of pyroclastic density currents. Here we use bedform wavelength, surmounted obstacles, and a large chute-and-pool feature to estimate near-source velocities (118-233ms -1), lower-bound velocities at radial distances of 1.6, 2 and 4.7km from source (34, 29 and 20ms -1, respectively), and corresponding column collapse heights (up to 2.8km). This paper represents one of the few studies that attempt to quantify flow characteristics, such as emplacement velocities at different distances from source, eruption column collapse height, and eruptive energy, based on deposit characteristics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-90
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Volume243-244
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2012

Fingerprint

density current
volcanic eruptions
Current density
energetics
Deposits
volcanic eruption
deposits
bedform
current density
wavelength
dunes
Wavelength
flow characteristics
tuff
chutes
wavelengths
dune
emplacement
Rocks
rocks

Keywords

  • Base surge
  • Explosive volcanism
  • Maar
  • Oregon
  • Phreatomagmatic
  • Pyroclastic density currents
  • Table rock complex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics

Cite this

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title = "An unusually energetic basaltic phreatomagmatic eruption: Using deposit characteristics to constrain dilute pyroclastic density current dynamics",
abstract = "Multiple, highly erosive base surges of the Table Rock Complex tuff ring (TRC2), Oregon, produced dune-bedded deposits with crest to crest bedform wavelengths up to 200m, which are amongst the largest ever recognized in the deposits of pyroclastic density currents. Here we use bedform wavelength, surmounted obstacles, and a large chute-and-pool feature to estimate near-source velocities (118-233ms -1), lower-bound velocities at radial distances of 1.6, 2 and 4.7km from source (34, 29 and 20ms -1, respectively), and corresponding column collapse heights (up to 2.8km). This paper represents one of the few studies that attempt to quantify flow characteristics, such as emplacement velocities at different distances from source, eruption column collapse height, and eruptive energy, based on deposit characteristics.",
keywords = "Base surge, Explosive volcanism, Maar, Oregon, Phreatomagmatic, Pyroclastic density currents, Table rock complex",
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T2 - Using deposit characteristics to constrain dilute pyroclastic density current dynamics

AU - Brand, Brittany D.

AU - Clarke, Amanda

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N2 - Multiple, highly erosive base surges of the Table Rock Complex tuff ring (TRC2), Oregon, produced dune-bedded deposits with crest to crest bedform wavelengths up to 200m, which are amongst the largest ever recognized in the deposits of pyroclastic density currents. Here we use bedform wavelength, surmounted obstacles, and a large chute-and-pool feature to estimate near-source velocities (118-233ms -1), lower-bound velocities at radial distances of 1.6, 2 and 4.7km from source (34, 29 and 20ms -1, respectively), and corresponding column collapse heights (up to 2.8km). This paper represents one of the few studies that attempt to quantify flow characteristics, such as emplacement velocities at different distances from source, eruption column collapse height, and eruptive energy, based on deposit characteristics.

AB - Multiple, highly erosive base surges of the Table Rock Complex tuff ring (TRC2), Oregon, produced dune-bedded deposits with crest to crest bedform wavelengths up to 200m, which are amongst the largest ever recognized in the deposits of pyroclastic density currents. Here we use bedform wavelength, surmounted obstacles, and a large chute-and-pool feature to estimate near-source velocities (118-233ms -1), lower-bound velocities at radial distances of 1.6, 2 and 4.7km from source (34, 29 and 20ms -1, respectively), and corresponding column collapse heights (up to 2.8km). This paper represents one of the few studies that attempt to quantify flow characteristics, such as emplacement velocities at different distances from source, eruption column collapse height, and eruptive energy, based on deposit characteristics.

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KW - Explosive volcanism

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KW - Table rock complex

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