An obsolete dichotomy? Rethinking the rural-urban interface in terms of food security and production in the global south

Amy M. Lerner, Hallie Eakin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The global food system is coming under increasing strain in the face of urban population growth. The recent spike in global food prices (2007-08) provoked consumer protests, and raised questions about food sovereignty and how and where food will be produced. Concurrently, for the first time in history the majority of the global population is urban, with the bulk of urban growth occurring in smaller-tiered cities and urban peripheries, or 'peri-urban' areas of the developing world. This paper discusses the new emerging spaces that incorporate a mosaic of urban and rural worlds, and reviews the implications of these spaces for livelihoods and food security. We propose a modified livelihoods framework to evaluate the contexts in which food production persists within broader processes of landscape and livelihood transformation in peri-urban locations. Where and how food production persists are central questions for the future of food security in an urbanising world. Our proposed framework provides directions for future research and highlights the role of policy and planning in reconciling food production with urban growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)311-320
Number of pages10
JournalGeographical Journal
Volume177
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

Fingerprint

food production
food security
food
urban population
urban growth
periurban area
livelihood
sovereignty
population growth
developing world
history
protest
urban area
world
planning

Keywords

  • Developing world
  • Food security
  • Livelihoods
  • Peri-urban
  • Urban agriculture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

An obsolete dichotomy? Rethinking the rural-urban interface in terms of food security and production in the global south. / Lerner, Amy M.; Eakin, Hallie.

In: Geographical Journal, Vol. 177, No. 4, 12.2011, p. 311-320.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{656fb28df8aa4519aacfa354d78790b4,
title = "An obsolete dichotomy? Rethinking the rural-urban interface in terms of food security and production in the global south",
abstract = "The global food system is coming under increasing strain in the face of urban population growth. The recent spike in global food prices (2007-08) provoked consumer protests, and raised questions about food sovereignty and how and where food will be produced. Concurrently, for the first time in history the majority of the global population is urban, with the bulk of urban growth occurring in smaller-tiered cities and urban peripheries, or 'peri-urban' areas of the developing world. This paper discusses the new emerging spaces that incorporate a mosaic of urban and rural worlds, and reviews the implications of these spaces for livelihoods and food security. We propose a modified livelihoods framework to evaluate the contexts in which food production persists within broader processes of landscape and livelihood transformation in peri-urban locations. Where and how food production persists are central questions for the future of food security in an urbanising world. Our proposed framework provides directions for future research and highlights the role of policy and planning in reconciling food production with urban growth.",
keywords = "Developing world, Food security, Livelihoods, Peri-urban, Urban agriculture",
author = "Lerner, {Amy M.} and Hallie Eakin",
year = "2011",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1111/j.1475-4959.2010.00394.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "177",
pages = "311--320",
journal = "Geographical Journal",
issn = "0016-7398",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An obsolete dichotomy? Rethinking the rural-urban interface in terms of food security and production in the global south

AU - Lerner, Amy M.

AU - Eakin, Hallie

PY - 2011/12

Y1 - 2011/12

N2 - The global food system is coming under increasing strain in the face of urban population growth. The recent spike in global food prices (2007-08) provoked consumer protests, and raised questions about food sovereignty and how and where food will be produced. Concurrently, for the first time in history the majority of the global population is urban, with the bulk of urban growth occurring in smaller-tiered cities and urban peripheries, or 'peri-urban' areas of the developing world. This paper discusses the new emerging spaces that incorporate a mosaic of urban and rural worlds, and reviews the implications of these spaces for livelihoods and food security. We propose a modified livelihoods framework to evaluate the contexts in which food production persists within broader processes of landscape and livelihood transformation in peri-urban locations. Where and how food production persists are central questions for the future of food security in an urbanising world. Our proposed framework provides directions for future research and highlights the role of policy and planning in reconciling food production with urban growth.

AB - The global food system is coming under increasing strain in the face of urban population growth. The recent spike in global food prices (2007-08) provoked consumer protests, and raised questions about food sovereignty and how and where food will be produced. Concurrently, for the first time in history the majority of the global population is urban, with the bulk of urban growth occurring in smaller-tiered cities and urban peripheries, or 'peri-urban' areas of the developing world. This paper discusses the new emerging spaces that incorporate a mosaic of urban and rural worlds, and reviews the implications of these spaces for livelihoods and food security. We propose a modified livelihoods framework to evaluate the contexts in which food production persists within broader processes of landscape and livelihood transformation in peri-urban locations. Where and how food production persists are central questions for the future of food security in an urbanising world. Our proposed framework provides directions for future research and highlights the role of policy and planning in reconciling food production with urban growth.

KW - Developing world

KW - Food security

KW - Livelihoods

KW - Peri-urban

KW - Urban agriculture

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80155131165&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80155131165&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1475-4959.2010.00394.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1475-4959.2010.00394.x

M3 - Article

VL - 177

SP - 311

EP - 320

JO - Geographical Journal

JF - Geographical Journal

SN - 0016-7398

IS - 4

ER -