An fMRI study of perception and action in deaf signers

Kayoko Okada, Corianne Reddy, Lucinda O'Grady, Leila Hanaumi, Ursula Bellugi, David Corina, Gregory Hickok

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Since the discovery of mirror neurons, there has been a great deal of interest in understanding the relationship between perception and action, and the role of the human mirror system in language comprehension and production. Two questions have dominated research. One concerns the role of Broca's area in speech perception. The other concerns the role of the motor system more broadly in understanding action-related language. The current study investigates both of these questions in a way that bridges research on language with research on manual actions. We studied the neural basis of observing and executing American Sign Language (ASL) object and action signs. In an fMRI experiment, deaf signers produced signs depicting actions and objects as well as observed/comprehended signs of actions and objects. Different patterns of activation were found for observation and execution although with overlap in Broca's area, providing prima facie support for the claim that the motor system participates in language perception. In contrast, we found no evidence that action related signs differentially involved the motor system compared to object related signs. These findings are discussed in the context of lesion studies of sign language execution and observation. In this broader context, we conclude that the activation in Broca's area during ASL observation is not causally related to sign language understanding.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)179-188
    Number of pages10
    JournalNeuropsychologia
    Volume82
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

    Keywords

    • ASL observation
    • ASL production
    • Broca's area
    • FMRI
    • Neuroimaging
    • Perception and Action
    • Sign language

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
    • Cognitive Neuroscience
    • Behavioral Neuroscience

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  • Cite this

    Okada, K., Reddy, C., O'Grady, L., Hanaumi, L., Bellugi, U., Corina, D., & Hickok, G. (2016). An fMRI study of perception and action in deaf signers. Neuropsychologia, 82, 179-188. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2016.01.015