An exploration of spatial dispersion, pattern, and association of socio-economic functional units in an urban system

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Hypotheses based on a set of socio-economic, cultural, and political functional units are examined. The geographic techniques employed in the study include spatial mean, standard distance, standard deviational ellipse, nearest neighbor analysis, and spatial analysis on a network: cross K function and network cross K function. The study not only explores the spatial pattern, distribution, and association of key socio-economic, cultural, and political units which could reveal internal structures and activities of an urban system, but also demonstrates a number of operational procedures that permit applications of traditional and advanced spatial analysis approaches in the study of real urban systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)168-188
Number of pages21
JournalApplied Geography
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008



  • Functional units
  • Network
  • Spatial association
  • Spatial pattern

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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