An experimental and computational study of size-dependent contact-angle of dewetted metal nanodroplets below its melting temperature

Bruno Azeredo, Saikumar R. Yeratapally, Josh Kacher, Placid M. Ferreira, Michael D. Sangid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Decorating 1D nanostructures (e.g., wires and tubes) with metal nanoparticles serves as a hierarchical approach to integrate the functionalities of metal oxides, semiconductors, and metals. This paper examines a simple and low-temperature approach to self-assembling gold nanoparticles (Au-np) - a common catalytic material - onto silicon nanowires (SiNWs). A conformal ultra-thin film (i.e., <15 nm thick) is deposited onto SiNWs and thermally dewetted, forming nanoparticles in the 6-70 nm range. Two parameters of its morphology are dependent upon dewetting conditions: particle size and particle contact angle. Using transmission electron microscopy imaging, it is found that annealing temperature profile has a strong effect on the particle size. Additionally, the contact angle is found to be dependent on particle size and temperature even below the eutectic temperature of the Au-Si alloy. Molecular dynamics simulations were performed to investigate potential explanations for such experimental observation. In this temperature regime, the simulations reveal the formation of an amorphous phase at the interface between the catalyst and SiNW that is sensitive to temperature. This amorphous layer increases the adhesion energy at the interface and explains the contact angle dependence on temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number213101
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume109
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 21 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

melting
nanowires
metals
nanoparticles
silicon
temperature
assembling
metal oxide semiconductors
eutectics
temperature profiles
drying
adhesion
simulation
wire
gold
molecular dynamics
tubes
catalysts
transmission electron microscopy
annealing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

An experimental and computational study of size-dependent contact-angle of dewetted metal nanodroplets below its melting temperature. / Azeredo, Bruno; Yeratapally, Saikumar R.; Kacher, Josh; Ferreira, Placid M.; Sangid, Michael D.

In: Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 109, No. 21, 213101, 21.11.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Azeredo, Bruno ; Yeratapally, Saikumar R. ; Kacher, Josh ; Ferreira, Placid M. ; Sangid, Michael D. / An experimental and computational study of size-dependent contact-angle of dewetted metal nanodroplets below its melting temperature. In: Applied Physics Letters. 2016 ; Vol. 109, No. 21.
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