An examination of biracial college youths' family ethnic socialization, ethnic identity, and adjustment: Do self-identification labels and university context matter?

Aerika S. Brittian, Adriana J. Umaña-Taylor, Chelsea L. Derlan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined family ethnic socialization, ethnic identity, and adjustment among Latino/White and Asian/White biracial college students (n = 507), with special attention to how ethnic self-identification and university ethnic composition informed the ethnic identity process. Findings indicated that family ethnic socialization was positively related to participants' ethnic identity exploration and resolution, but not ethnic identity affirmation. Furthermore, ethnic identity resolution and affirmation were associated with higher self-acceptance and self-esteem, and lower depressive symptoms. Importantly, university ethnic composition moderated the association between ethnic identity resolution and anxiety, such that resolution promoted adjustment in contexts that were relatively more ethnically diverse. University ethnic composition also moderated the association between ethnic identity affirmation and both self-esteem and self-acceptance, such that affirmation was associated with better adjustment but only in schools that were less ethnically diverse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-189
Number of pages13
JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2013

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Keywords

  • Biracial youth.
  • Ethnic identity
  • Family ethnic socialization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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