An evolutionary life-history framework for understanding sex differences in human mortality rates

Daniel J. Kruger, Randolph M. Nesse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

108 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sex differences in mortality rates stem from genetic, physiological, behavioral, and social causes that are best understood when integrated in an evolutionary life history framework. This paper investigates the Male-to-Female Mortality Ratio (M:F MR) from external and internal causes and across contexts to illustrate how sex differences shaped by sexual selection interact with the environment to yield a pattern with some consistency, but also with expected variations due to socioeconomic and other factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-97
Number of pages24
JournalHuman Nature
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 12 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Life history
  • Mortality
  • Sex differences
  • Sexual selection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Anthropology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

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