An efficient mammalian transfer RNA target for bleomycin

Zhi Fu Tao, Kazuhide Konishi, Gérard Keith, Sidney Hecht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The antitumor antibiotic bleomycin has long been believed to exert its therapeutic effects at the level of DNA cleavage. Recently, evidence has been presented to suggest that RNA cleavage may also be important and that one or more transfer RNAs may be involved. To define those tRNAs that may represent important loci for the action of bleomycin, we have fractionated chicken liver tRNAs and identified those isoacceptors most susceptible to oxidative cleavage by Fe(II)·BLM. Two chicken liver tRNAs, tRNA3 Lys and tRNAPhe, were found to be cleaved with exceptional facility by Fe(II)·BLM, and both were cleaved predominantly at U66. The cleavage of tRNA3 Lys was shown to be minimally affected by physiological concentrations of Mg2+. Chicken liver tRNA3 Lys is identical in sequence with human tRNA3 Lys. These findings support a possible role for a critical tRNA such as tRNA3 Lys in the mechanism by which bleomycin mediates its antitumor activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14806-14807
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume128
Issue number46
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 22 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Bleomycin
Transfer RNA
Liver
Chickens
RNA Cleavage
RNA, Transfer, Phe
DNA Cleavage
Therapeutic Uses
Antibiotics
RNA
DNA
Anti-Bacterial Agents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

An efficient mammalian transfer RNA target for bleomycin. / Tao, Zhi Fu; Konishi, Kazuhide; Keith, Gérard; Hecht, Sidney.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 128, No. 46, 22.11.2006, p. 14806-14807.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tao, Zhi Fu ; Konishi, Kazuhide ; Keith, Gérard ; Hecht, Sidney. / An efficient mammalian transfer RNA target for bleomycin. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society. 2006 ; Vol. 128, No. 46. pp. 14806-14807.
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