An analysis of the halo and relic radio emission from Abell 3376 from Murchison widefield array observations

L. T. George, K. S. Dwarakanath, M. Johnston-Hollitt, N. Hurley-Walker, L. Hindson, A. D. Kapińska, S. J. Tingay, M. Bell, J. R. Callingham, Bi Qing For, P. J. Hancock, E. Lenc, B. McKinley, J. Morgan, A. Offringa, P. Procopio, L. Staveley-Smith, R. B. Wayth, Chen Wu, Q. Zheng & 32 others G. Bernardi, Judd Bowman, F. Briggs, R. J. Cappallo, B. E. Corey, A. A. Deshpande, D. Emrich, R. Goeke, L. J. Greenhill, B. J. Hazelton, D. L. Kaplan, J. C. Kasper, E. Kratzenberg, C. J. Lonsdale, M. J. Lynch, S. R. McWhirter, D. A. Mitchell, M. F. Morales, E. Morgan, D. Oberoi, S. M. Ord, T. Prabu, A. E E Rogers, A. Roshi, N. Udaya Shankar, K. S. Srivani, R. Subrahmanyan, M. Waterson, R. L. Webster, A. R. Whitney, A. Williams, C. L. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have carried out multiwavelength observations of the nearby (z = 0.046) rich, merging galaxy cluster Abell 3376 with the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA). As a part of the GaLactic and Extragalactic All-sky MWA Survey, this cluster was observed at 88, 118, 154, 188, and 215 MHz. The known radio relics, towards the eastern and western peripheries of the cluster, were detected at all the frequencies. The relics, with a linear extent of ~1 Mpc each, are separated by ~2 Mpc. Combining the current observations with those in the literature, we have obtained the spectra of these relics over the frequency range 80-1400 MHz. The spectra follow power laws, with α =-1.17 ± 0.06 and-1.37 ± 0.08 for the west and east relics, respectively (S∝vα). Assuming the break frequency to be near the lower end of the spectrum we estimate the age of the relics to be ~0.4 Gyr. No diffuse radio emission from the central regions of the cluster (halo) was detected. The upper limit on the radio power of any possible halo that might be present in the cluster is a factor of 35 lower than that expected from the radio power and X-ray luminosity correlation for cluster haloes. From this we conclude that the cluster halo is very extended (>500 kpc) and/or most of the radio emission from the halo has decayed. The current limit on the halo radio power is a factor of 10 lower than the existing upper limits with possible implications for models of halo formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4207-4214
Number of pages8
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume451
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 24 2015

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radio emission
halos
radio
analysis
power law
sky
frequency ranges
luminosity
galaxies
estimates
x rays

Keywords

  • Galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell 3376
  • Galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

George, L. T., Dwarakanath, K. S., Johnston-Hollitt, M., Hurley-Walker, N., Hindson, L., Kapińska, A. D., ... Williams, C. L. (2015). An analysis of the halo and relic radio emission from Abell 3376 from Murchison widefield array observations. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 451(4), 4207-4214. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv1152

An analysis of the halo and relic radio emission from Abell 3376 from Murchison widefield array observations. / George, L. T.; Dwarakanath, K. S.; Johnston-Hollitt, M.; Hurley-Walker, N.; Hindson, L.; Kapińska, A. D.; Tingay, S. J.; Bell, M.; Callingham, J. R.; For, Bi Qing; Hancock, P. J.; Lenc, E.; McKinley, B.; Morgan, J.; Offringa, A.; Procopio, P.; Staveley-Smith, L.; Wayth, R. B.; Wu, Chen; Zheng, Q.; Bernardi, G.; Bowman, Judd; Briggs, F.; Cappallo, R. J.; Corey, B. E.; Deshpande, A. A.; Emrich, D.; Goeke, R.; Greenhill, L. J.; Hazelton, B. J.; Kaplan, D. L.; Kasper, J. C.; Kratzenberg, E.; Lonsdale, C. J.; Lynch, M. J.; McWhirter, S. R.; Mitchell, D. A.; Morales, M. F.; Morgan, E.; Oberoi, D.; Ord, S. M.; Prabu, T.; Rogers, A. E E; Roshi, A.; Udaya Shankar, N.; Srivani, K. S.; Subrahmanyan, R.; Waterson, M.; Webster, R. L.; Whitney, A. R.; Williams, A.; Williams, C. L.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 451, No. 4, 24.04.2015, p. 4207-4214.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

George, LT, Dwarakanath, KS, Johnston-Hollitt, M, Hurley-Walker, N, Hindson, L, Kapińska, AD, Tingay, SJ, Bell, M, Callingham, JR, For, BQ, Hancock, PJ, Lenc, E, McKinley, B, Morgan, J, Offringa, A, Procopio, P, Staveley-Smith, L, Wayth, RB, Wu, C, Zheng, Q, Bernardi, G, Bowman, J, Briggs, F, Cappallo, RJ, Corey, BE, Deshpande, AA, Emrich, D, Goeke, R, Greenhill, LJ, Hazelton, BJ, Kaplan, DL, Kasper, JC, Kratzenberg, E, Lonsdale, CJ, Lynch, MJ, McWhirter, SR, Mitchell, DA, Morales, MF, Morgan, E, Oberoi, D, Ord, SM, Prabu, T, Rogers, AEE, Roshi, A, Udaya Shankar, N, Srivani, KS, Subrahmanyan, R, Waterson, M, Webster, RL, Whitney, AR, Williams, A & Williams, CL 2015, 'An analysis of the halo and relic radio emission from Abell 3376 from Murchison widefield array observations', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 451, no. 4, pp. 4207-4214. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv1152
George, L. T. ; Dwarakanath, K. S. ; Johnston-Hollitt, M. ; Hurley-Walker, N. ; Hindson, L. ; Kapińska, A. D. ; Tingay, S. J. ; Bell, M. ; Callingham, J. R. ; For, Bi Qing ; Hancock, P. J. ; Lenc, E. ; McKinley, B. ; Morgan, J. ; Offringa, A. ; Procopio, P. ; Staveley-Smith, L. ; Wayth, R. B. ; Wu, Chen ; Zheng, Q. ; Bernardi, G. ; Bowman, Judd ; Briggs, F. ; Cappallo, R. J. ; Corey, B. E. ; Deshpande, A. A. ; Emrich, D. ; Goeke, R. ; Greenhill, L. J. ; Hazelton, B. J. ; Kaplan, D. L. ; Kasper, J. C. ; Kratzenberg, E. ; Lonsdale, C. J. ; Lynch, M. J. ; McWhirter, S. R. ; Mitchell, D. A. ; Morales, M. F. ; Morgan, E. ; Oberoi, D. ; Ord, S. M. ; Prabu, T. ; Rogers, A. E E ; Roshi, A. ; Udaya Shankar, N. ; Srivani, K. S. ; Subrahmanyan, R. ; Waterson, M. ; Webster, R. L. ; Whitney, A. R. ; Williams, A. ; Williams, C. L. / An analysis of the halo and relic radio emission from Abell 3376 from Murchison widefield array observations. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2015 ; Vol. 451, No. 4. pp. 4207-4214.
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title = "An analysis of the halo and relic radio emission from Abell 3376 from Murchison widefield array observations",
abstract = "We have carried out multiwavelength observations of the nearby (z = 0.046) rich, merging galaxy cluster Abell 3376 with the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA). As a part of the GaLactic and Extragalactic All-sky MWA Survey, this cluster was observed at 88, 118, 154, 188, and 215 MHz. The known radio relics, towards the eastern and western peripheries of the cluster, were detected at all the frequencies. The relics, with a linear extent of ~1 Mpc each, are separated by ~2 Mpc. Combining the current observations with those in the literature, we have obtained the spectra of these relics over the frequency range 80-1400 MHz. The spectra follow power laws, with α =-1.17 ± 0.06 and-1.37 ± 0.08 for the west and east relics, respectively (S∝vα). Assuming the break frequency to be near the lower end of the spectrum we estimate the age of the relics to be ~0.4 Gyr. No diffuse radio emission from the central regions of the cluster (halo) was detected. The upper limit on the radio power of any possible halo that might be present in the cluster is a factor of 35 lower than that expected from the radio power and X-ray luminosity correlation for cluster haloes. From this we conclude that the cluster halo is very extended (>500 kpc) and/or most of the radio emission from the halo has decayed. The current limit on the halo radio power is a factor of 10 lower than the existing upper limits with possible implications for models of halo formation.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - An analysis of the halo and relic radio emission from Abell 3376 from Murchison widefield array observations

AU - George, L. T.

AU - Dwarakanath, K. S.

AU - Johnston-Hollitt, M.

AU - Hurley-Walker, N.

AU - Hindson, L.

AU - Kapińska, A. D.

AU - Tingay, S. J.

AU - Bell, M.

AU - Callingham, J. R.

AU - For, Bi Qing

AU - Hancock, P. J.

AU - Lenc, E.

AU - McKinley, B.

AU - Morgan, J.

AU - Offringa, A.

AU - Procopio, P.

AU - Staveley-Smith, L.

AU - Wayth, R. B.

AU - Wu, Chen

AU - Zheng, Q.

AU - Bernardi, G.

AU - Bowman, Judd

AU - Briggs, F.

AU - Cappallo, R. J.

AU - Corey, B. E.

AU - Deshpande, A. A.

AU - Emrich, D.

AU - Goeke, R.

AU - Greenhill, L. J.

AU - Hazelton, B. J.

AU - Kaplan, D. L.

AU - Kasper, J. C.

AU - Kratzenberg, E.

AU - Lonsdale, C. J.

AU - Lynch, M. J.

AU - McWhirter, S. R.

AU - Mitchell, D. A.

AU - Morales, M. F.

AU - Morgan, E.

AU - Oberoi, D.

AU - Ord, S. M.

AU - Prabu, T.

AU - Rogers, A. E E

AU - Roshi, A.

AU - Udaya Shankar, N.

AU - Srivani, K. S.

AU - Subrahmanyan, R.

AU - Waterson, M.

AU - Webster, R. L.

AU - Whitney, A. R.

AU - Williams, A.

AU - Williams, C. L.

PY - 2015/4/24

Y1 - 2015/4/24

N2 - We have carried out multiwavelength observations of the nearby (z = 0.046) rich, merging galaxy cluster Abell 3376 with the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA). As a part of the GaLactic and Extragalactic All-sky MWA Survey, this cluster was observed at 88, 118, 154, 188, and 215 MHz. The known radio relics, towards the eastern and western peripheries of the cluster, were detected at all the frequencies. The relics, with a linear extent of ~1 Mpc each, are separated by ~2 Mpc. Combining the current observations with those in the literature, we have obtained the spectra of these relics over the frequency range 80-1400 MHz. The spectra follow power laws, with α =-1.17 ± 0.06 and-1.37 ± 0.08 for the west and east relics, respectively (S∝vα). Assuming the break frequency to be near the lower end of the spectrum we estimate the age of the relics to be ~0.4 Gyr. No diffuse radio emission from the central regions of the cluster (halo) was detected. The upper limit on the radio power of any possible halo that might be present in the cluster is a factor of 35 lower than that expected from the radio power and X-ray luminosity correlation for cluster haloes. From this we conclude that the cluster halo is very extended (>500 kpc) and/or most of the radio emission from the halo has decayed. The current limit on the halo radio power is a factor of 10 lower than the existing upper limits with possible implications for models of halo formation.

AB - We have carried out multiwavelength observations of the nearby (z = 0.046) rich, merging galaxy cluster Abell 3376 with the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA). As a part of the GaLactic and Extragalactic All-sky MWA Survey, this cluster was observed at 88, 118, 154, 188, and 215 MHz. The known radio relics, towards the eastern and western peripheries of the cluster, were detected at all the frequencies. The relics, with a linear extent of ~1 Mpc each, are separated by ~2 Mpc. Combining the current observations with those in the literature, we have obtained the spectra of these relics over the frequency range 80-1400 MHz. The spectra follow power laws, with α =-1.17 ± 0.06 and-1.37 ± 0.08 for the west and east relics, respectively (S∝vα). Assuming the break frequency to be near the lower end of the spectrum we estimate the age of the relics to be ~0.4 Gyr. No diffuse radio emission from the central regions of the cluster (halo) was detected. The upper limit on the radio power of any possible halo that might be present in the cluster is a factor of 35 lower than that expected from the radio power and X-ray luminosity correlation for cluster haloes. From this we conclude that the cluster halo is very extended (>500 kpc) and/or most of the radio emission from the halo has decayed. The current limit on the halo radio power is a factor of 10 lower than the existing upper limits with possible implications for models of halo formation.

KW - Galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell 3376

KW - Galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium

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U2 - 10.1093/mnras/stv1152

DO - 10.1093/mnras/stv1152

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JO - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

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