Amorphous polymorphism

Peter H. Poole, Tor Grande, F. Sciortino, H. E. Stanley, Charles Angell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Recent studies of amorphous solid materials have revealed the possibility that more than one distinct amorphous phase may be formed from the same substance. In analogy with the phenomenon of crystalline polymorphism, this behavior has been termed "amorphous polymorphism". We review the experimental manifestation of amorphous polymorphism, especially in tetrahedrally coordinated materials such as H2O and SiO2. Guided by computer simulation results on these substances we show how a thermodynamic explanation of these phenomena is possible, specifically that amorphous polymorphism occurs in substances where the thermodynamic behavior of the liquid state exhibits liquid-liquid phase separation, or a tendency toward it. We identify a number of systems which may also display amorphous polymorphism, and emphasize the central role to be played by computer simulation in the elucidation of this phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-382
Number of pages10
JournalComputational Materials Science
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1995

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Computational Mathematics

Cite this

Poole, P. H., Grande, T., Sciortino, F., Stanley, H. E., & Angell, C. (1995). Amorphous polymorphism. Computational Materials Science, 4(4), 373-382. https://doi.org/10.1016/0927-0256(95)00044-9