American indians and spiritual needs during hospitalization: Developing a model of spiritual care

David Hodge, Robert J. Wolosin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Although spirituality is typically intertwined with health in Native cultures, little research has examined the relationship between American Indians' spiritual needs and overall satisfaction with service provision during hospitalization. This study examined this relationship, in tandem with the effects of 8 potential mediators, to develop a model of spiritual care for older hospitalized American Indians. Design and Methods: Structural equation modeling was used with a sample of American Indians (N = 860), aged 50 and older, who were consecutively discharged from hospitals across the United States over a 12-month period. Results: As posited, addressing spiritual needs was positively associated with overall satisfaction with service provision. The relationship between spiritual needs and satisfaction was fully mediated by 4 variables: nursing staff, the discharge process, physicians, and visitors. Implications: As the first study to develop and test a model of spiritual care for older hospitalized American Indians, this study provides practitioners with the information to provide more effective, culturally relevant services to older American Indians.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)683-692
Number of pages10
JournalGerontologist
Volume54
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • American Indians
  • Native Americans
  • Religion
  • Spiritual needs
  • Spirituality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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