American Cancer Society guidelines on nutrition and physical activity for cancer prevention: Reducing the risk of cancer with healthy food choices and physical activity

Lawrence H. Kushi, Tim Byers, Colleen Doyle, Elisa V. Bandera, Marji McCullough, Ted Gansler, Kimberly S. Andrews, Michael J. Thun, Barbara Ainsworth, Rachel Ballard-Barbash, Abby F. Bloch, June M. Chan, Ralph J. Coates, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Jo Freudenheim, Peter Gann, Edward Giovannucci, Terry Hartman, Laurence Kolonel, Alice H. LichtensteinMaria Elena Martinez, Anne McTiernan, Marion Morra, Arthur Schatzkin, Marty Slattery, Stephanie Smith-Warner, Judith Wylie-Rosett, Wei Zheng, Terri Ades, Vilma Cokkinides, Alicia Samuels, David P. Ringer, Robert A. Smith

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    481 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The American Cancer Society (ACS) publishes Nutrition and Physical Activity Guidelines to serve as a foundation for its communication, policy, and community strategies and ultimately, to affect dietary and physical activity patterns among Americans. These Guidelines, published every 5 years, are developed by a national panel of experts in cancer research, prevention, epidemiology, public health, and policy, and as such, they represent the most current scientific evidence related to dietary and activity patterns and cancer risk. The ACS Guidelines include recommendations for individual choices regarding diet and physical activity patterns, but those choices occur within a community context that either facilitates or interferes with healthy behaviors. Community efforts are essential to create a social environment that promotes healthy food choices and physical activity. Therefore, this committee presents one key recommendation for community action to accompany the four recommendations for individual choices to reduce cancer risk. This recommendation for community action recognizes that a supportive social environment is indispensable if individuals at all levels of society are to have genuine opportunities to choose healthy behaviors. The ACS Guidelines are consistent with guidelines from the American Heart Association and the American Diabetes Association for the prevention of coronary heart disease and diabetes, as well as for general health promotion, as defined by the Department of Health and Human Services' 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)254-281
    Number of pages28
    JournalCa-A Cancer Journal for Clinicians
    Volume56
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Sep 2006

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Hematology
    • Oncology

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    Kushi, L. H., Byers, T., Doyle, C., Bandera, E. V., McCullough, M., Gansler, T., Andrews, K. S., Thun, M. J., Ainsworth, B., Ballard-Barbash, R., Bloch, A. F., Chan, J. M., Coates, R. J., Demark-Wahnefried, W., Freudenheim, J., Gann, P., Giovannucci, E., Hartman, T., Kolonel, L., ... Smith, R. A. (2006). American Cancer Society guidelines on nutrition and physical activity for cancer prevention: Reducing the risk of cancer with healthy food choices and physical activity. Ca-A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 56(5), 254-281. https://doi.org/10.3322/canjclin.56.5.254