Ambient temperature plastic crystal fast ion conductors (PLICFICS)

E. I. Cooper, C. A. Angell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

90 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polymer-salt type solid electrolytes are currently in favor because the electrolyte can change shape under mechanical stress without failure. A disadvantage, however, is that anion transport numbers are not zero. We think the former advantage can be had without the latter disadvantage by using an appropriate anion rotator phase in which the cation, or one of the cations, is mobile. Li2SO4 is the prototype material of this type but is limited to high temperature applications. We describe a low temperature material - a double salt of LiBF4 and methoxyethyldimethyl ethyl ammonium - fluoroborate - which may conduct by the same mechanism as Li2SO4 since it exhibits a strong disordering transition at -90°C, and a relatively small entropy of fusion. At 75°C this substance conducts almost as well as the best polyethylene oxide + Li salt combination reported to date. Some variants on the structural theme and their properties and performance will also be described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)570-576
Number of pages7
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume18-19
Issue numberPART 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1986
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this