Alkaloids from Alangium javanicum and Alangium grisolleoides that mediate Cu2+-dependent DNA strand scission

Van Cuong Pham, Ji Ma, Shannon J. Thomas, Zhidong Xu, Sidney M. Hecht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Crude CH2Cl2-MeOH extracts prepared from Alangium javanicum and A. grisolleoides were found to induce DNA strand breakage in the presence of Cu2+ and were subjected to bioassay-guided fractionation to permit identification of the active principle(s). Javaniside (1), a novel alkaloid possessing an unusual monoterpenoid oxindole skeleton, was identified as an active principle contributing to the DNA cleavage activity observed for the crude extract of A. javanicum. Alangiside (2), a tetrahydroisoquinoline monoterpene glucoside widely distributed in the genus Alangium, was also isolated from A. grisolleoides as a new type of Cu2+-dependent DNA cleavage agent. The relative configuration of the asymmetric centers in javaniside was established by analysis of 1H-1H coupling constants and NOESY correlations. Semisynthesis of javaniside from secologanin (3) established the absolute stereochemistry of javaniside.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1147-1152
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Natural Products
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Organic Chemistry


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