Aggression by whom-aggression toward whom: Behavioral predictors of same-and other-gender aggression in early childhood

Laura Hanish, Julie Sallquist, Matthew DiDonato, Richard Fabes, Carol Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study assessed girls' and boys' dominance-related behaviors (aggressive, commanding, submissive, and neutral behaviors) as they naturally occurred during interactions with male and female peers and evaluated the possibility that such behaviors elicit aggression from peers. Using a focal observational procedure, young girls' and boys' (N = 170; 54% boys) naturally occurring dominance-related behaviors and male and female peers' aggressive responses to those behaviors were recorded multiple times each week across the academic year. Findings suggested that same-gender aggression occurred at similar rates as other-gender aggression once tendencies toward gender-segregated play were controlled. Additionally, there were both gender-based similarities and differences in children's use of dominance-related behaviors in peer interactions and as antecedents for peers' aggression. The findings have implications for the literatures on aggression and gendered peer interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1450-1462
Number of pages13
JournalDevelopmental psychology
Volume48
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2012

Keywords

  • Aggression
  • Gender
  • Social dominance
  • Victimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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