Age and growth of the scalloped hammerhead shark, Sphyrna lewini, in the north-west Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico

Andrew N. Piercy, John K. Carlson, James A. Sulikowski, George H. Burgess

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

The scalloped hammerhead, Sphryna lewini (Griffith & Smith, 1834), is a globally exploited species of shark. In order to gain insight into the life history of this species in the USA waters, age and growth was examined from specimens (n = 307) captured from the north-west Atlantic Ocean and from the Gulf of Mexico. The von Bertalanffy growth model resulted in growth parameters of L = 214.8 cm fork length (FL), k = 0.13 year-1, t0 = -1.62 year for males and L = 233.1 cm FL, k = 0.09 year-1, t0 = -2.22 year for females. The oldest age estimates obtained for this population were 30.5 years for both males and females, which corresponded to FL of 234 cm and 241 cm respectively. Bowker's test of symmetry and Index of Average Per Cent Error suggests that our ageing method represents a non-biased and precise approach to the age assessment. Marginal increments were significantly different between months (Kruskal-Wallis P = 0.017) with a distinct trend of increasing monthly increment growth beginning in January. When compared to previously published studies, our growth estimates suggest slower growth than populations in the Pacific Ocean but faster growth than previously reported in the Gulf of Mexico.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-40
Number of pages7
JournalMarine and Freshwater Research
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007

Keywords

  • Sphyrnidae
  • Vertebrae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology

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