Age-and education-adjusted normative data for the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) in older adults age 70-99

Michael Malek-Ahmadi, Jessica J. Powell, Christine M. Belden, Kathy Oconnor, Linda Evans, David Coon, Walter Nieri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

The original validation study for the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) suggests a cutoff score of 26; however, this may be too stringent for older adults, particularly for those with less education. Given the rapidly increasing number of older adults and associated risk of dementia, this study aims to provide appropriate age-and education-adjusted norms for the MoCA. Data from 205 participants in an ongoing longevity study were used to derive normative data. Individuals were grouped based on age (70-79, 80-89, 90-99) and education level (≤12 Years, 13-15, ≥16 Years). There were significant differences between age and education groups with younger and more educated participants outperforming their counterparts. Forty-six percent of our sample scored below the suggested cutoff of 26. These normative data may provide a more accurate representation of MoCA performance in older adults for specific age and education stratifications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)755-761
Number of pages7
JournalAging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2 2015

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Cognitive impairment
  • cognitive decline
  • cognitive screening
  • dementia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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