African American racial identity across the lifespan

Identity status, identity content, and depressive symptoms

Tiffany Yip, Eleanor Seaton, Robert M. Sellers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

142 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cluster analytic methods were used to create 4 theorized ethnic identity statuses (achieved, foreclosed, moratorium, and diffused) among 940 African American adolescents (13-17 years old), college students (18-23 years old), and adults (27-78 years old). Evidence for the existence of 4 identity statuses was found across the 3 age groups. The distribution of individuals differed by age group, with the older participants disproportionately occupying the more mature statuses. Identity status was related to identity content such that achieved individuals reported higher levels of racial centrality and private regard. Finally, there was a significant interaction between developmental age group and identity status for depressive symptoms such that diffused college students reported higher symptoms than achieved college students. No status differences were found for the other 2 age groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1504-1517
Number of pages14
JournalChild Development
Volume77
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2006
Externally publishedYes

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life-span
African Americans
age group
Age Groups
Depression
Students
student
ethnic identity
adolescent
American
interaction
evidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

African American racial identity across the lifespan : Identity status, identity content, and depressive symptoms. / Yip, Tiffany; Seaton, Eleanor; Sellers, Robert M.

In: Child Development, Vol. 77, No. 5, 09.2006, p. 1504-1517.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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