Affect, work-goal schemas, and work-goal striving among adults with chronic pain: a multilevel structural equation analysis

Chung Jung Mun, Paul Karoly, Morris A. Okun, Hanjoe Kim, Howard Tennen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations


For individuals with chronic pain, the within-person influence of affect and goal cognition on daily work-related goal striving is not yet well understood. The present study tested the hypothesis that anticipatory goal cognition in the form of a morning work goal schema mediates the relations between morning affect and later (afternoon and evening) work goal striving. Working adults with chronic pain (N = 131) completed a 21-day diary with morning, afternoon, and evening assessments analyzed via multi-level structural equation modeling. At the within-person level, morning positive and negative affect were positively associated with morning work goal schemas; and morning work goal schemas, in turn, positively predicted both afternoon and evening work goal striving. Our findings underscore the complex dynamics over time of the relationship between affect and self-regulatory processes and have implications for future studies and for interventions to assist working adults with chronic pain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
StateAccepted/In press - Nov 24 2015



  • Affect
  • Chronic pain
  • Daily diary
  • Goal schemas
  • Mediation
  • Self-regulation
  • Work goals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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