Aerosol optical properties at Pasadena, CA during CalNex 2010

Jonathan E. Thompson, Patrick L. Hayes, Jose L. Jimenez, Kouji Adachi, Xiaolu Zhang, Jiumeng Liu, Rodney J. Weber, P R Buseck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aerosol optical properties measured at the Pasadena, CA site during the CalNex field campaign in May-June 2010 are summarized. Average measurements of PM 2.5 aerosol extinction, scattering, absorption coefficients, and single scattering albedo (b ext, b scat, b abs and SSA) at λ = 532 nm were 62 Mm -1, 58 Mm -1, 4 Mm -1, and 0.92, respectively. The aerosol optical densities were 5 times lower than during the SCAQS study in 1987, highlighting major progress in PM control in the Los Angeles area in the last two decades. The period May 30-June 8 2010 was characterized by exceptionally high aerosol loading (b ext up to 250 Mm -1). During this period, b ext, b scat, and SSA tended to peak during the mid-morning. Correlation of PM 2.5 b ext, b scat with mass concentration data yielded mass scattering and mass extinction coefficients of 3.5-5.1 m 2 g -1 for 532 nm. Aerosol b abs were compared directly to mass concentration of elemental carbon (EC) yielding a campaign average mass absorption cross section (M.A.C.) of 5.7 ± 1.8 m 2 g -1. TEM analysis of particles suggests soot was often internally mixed or adhering to sulfate and/or organics. Total non-refractory PM 1 mass was a good quantitative indicator of coated soot fraction. Alteration of M.A.C. with mixing/coating state was not detected, however, increases in M.A.C. were linked to the presence of light absorbing, water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) suggesting a possible role of this material invisible light absorption in the LA basin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)190-200
Number of pages11
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Volume55
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2012

Keywords

  • Absorption coefficient
  • Absorption enhancement
  • Aerosol optics
  • Albedometer
  • Brown carbon
  • CalNex
  • Direct climate forcing
  • Extinction coefficient
  • Mass absorption cross section
  • Mass scatter efficiency
  • Scattering coefficient
  • Single scatter albedo
  • WSOC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Atmospheric Science

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    Thompson, J. E., Hayes, P. L., Jimenez, J. L., Adachi, K., Zhang, X., Liu, J., Weber, R. J., & Buseck, P. R. (2012). Aerosol optical properties at Pasadena, CA during CalNex 2010. Atmospheric Environment, 55, 190-200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.03.011