Advocacy organizations, networks, and the firm analogy

Jesse Lecy, George E. Mitchell, Hans Peter Schmitz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transnational non-governmental organizations (TNGOs) in general, and advocacy groups in particular, have gained considerable visibility and influence in global affairs. Since its creation in 1961, Amnesty International has become an authority on human rights issues around the world. Oxfam, Greenpeace, and Doctors Without Borders have gained a similar status on global issues related to development, the environment, and humanitarian relief, respectively. As these organizations have become significant players in global affairs, scholars across a variety of academic fields have begun to analyze the power of transnational advocacy organizations and their networks (Keck and Sikkink, 1998). The majority of early studies in the academic field of international relations viewed advocacy organizations as altruistic actors seeking to advance universally accepted principles. More recent scholarship responding to the principled advocacy literature has argued that TNGOs are better understood as interest-driven actors motivated primarily by the imperative of organizational survival in a competitive environment (Cooley and Ron, 2002; Bob, 2005; Ron, Ramos, and Rodgers, 2005). In this chapter, we take a different approach to the study of advocacy organizations by inquiring into the nature of transnational advocacy itself as well as its organization as a collective endeavor at both the level of individual organizations and the level of networks. To answer questions about the role of advocacy in contemporary transnational activism, we rely on evidence collected in a large-scale study based on 152 interviews with leaders of transnational non-governmental organizations registered in the United States.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvocacy Organizations and Collective Action
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages229-251
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9780511762635
ISBN (Print)9780521198387
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

firm
Greenpeace
Amnesty International
organization of studies
international relations
human rights
leader
organization
interview
evidence
Group

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

Lecy, J., Mitchell, G. E., & Schmitz, H. P. (2010). Advocacy organizations, networks, and the firm analogy. In Advocacy Organizations and Collective Action (pp. 229-251). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511762635

Advocacy organizations, networks, and the firm analogy. / Lecy, Jesse; Mitchell, George E.; Schmitz, Hans Peter.

Advocacy Organizations and Collective Action. Cambridge University Press, 2010. p. 229-251.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Lecy, J, Mitchell, GE & Schmitz, HP 2010, Advocacy organizations, networks, and the firm analogy. in Advocacy Organizations and Collective Action. Cambridge University Press, pp. 229-251. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511762635
Lecy J, Mitchell GE, Schmitz HP. Advocacy organizations, networks, and the firm analogy. In Advocacy Organizations and Collective Action. Cambridge University Press. 2010. p. 229-251 https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511762635
Lecy, Jesse ; Mitchell, George E. ; Schmitz, Hans Peter. / Advocacy organizations, networks, and the firm analogy. Advocacy Organizations and Collective Action. Cambridge University Press, 2010. pp. 229-251
@inbook{6812b6a70e4545b1953246f7d68235ca,
title = "Advocacy organizations, networks, and the firm analogy",
abstract = "Transnational non-governmental organizations (TNGOs) in general, and advocacy groups in particular, have gained considerable visibility and influence in global affairs. Since its creation in 1961, Amnesty International has become an authority on human rights issues around the world. Oxfam, Greenpeace, and Doctors Without Borders have gained a similar status on global issues related to development, the environment, and humanitarian relief, respectively. As these organizations have become significant players in global affairs, scholars across a variety of academic fields have begun to analyze the power of transnational advocacy organizations and their networks (Keck and Sikkink, 1998). The majority of early studies in the academic field of international relations viewed advocacy organizations as altruistic actors seeking to advance universally accepted principles. More recent scholarship responding to the principled advocacy literature has argued that TNGOs are better understood as interest-driven actors motivated primarily by the imperative of organizational survival in a competitive environment (Cooley and Ron, 2002; Bob, 2005; Ron, Ramos, and Rodgers, 2005). In this chapter, we take a different approach to the study of advocacy organizations by inquiring into the nature of transnational advocacy itself as well as its organization as a collective endeavor at both the level of individual organizations and the level of networks. To answer questions about the role of advocacy in contemporary transnational activism, we rely on evidence collected in a large-scale study based on 152 interviews with leaders of transnational non-governmental organizations registered in the United States.",
author = "Jesse Lecy and Mitchell, {George E.} and Schmitz, {Hans Peter}",
year = "2010",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1017/CBO9780511762635",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780521198387",
pages = "229--251",
booktitle = "Advocacy Organizations and Collective Action",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Advocacy organizations, networks, and the firm analogy

AU - Lecy, Jesse

AU - Mitchell, George E.

AU - Schmitz, Hans Peter

PY - 2010/1/1

Y1 - 2010/1/1

N2 - Transnational non-governmental organizations (TNGOs) in general, and advocacy groups in particular, have gained considerable visibility and influence in global affairs. Since its creation in 1961, Amnesty International has become an authority on human rights issues around the world. Oxfam, Greenpeace, and Doctors Without Borders have gained a similar status on global issues related to development, the environment, and humanitarian relief, respectively. As these organizations have become significant players in global affairs, scholars across a variety of academic fields have begun to analyze the power of transnational advocacy organizations and their networks (Keck and Sikkink, 1998). The majority of early studies in the academic field of international relations viewed advocacy organizations as altruistic actors seeking to advance universally accepted principles. More recent scholarship responding to the principled advocacy literature has argued that TNGOs are better understood as interest-driven actors motivated primarily by the imperative of organizational survival in a competitive environment (Cooley and Ron, 2002; Bob, 2005; Ron, Ramos, and Rodgers, 2005). In this chapter, we take a different approach to the study of advocacy organizations by inquiring into the nature of transnational advocacy itself as well as its organization as a collective endeavor at both the level of individual organizations and the level of networks. To answer questions about the role of advocacy in contemporary transnational activism, we rely on evidence collected in a large-scale study based on 152 interviews with leaders of transnational non-governmental organizations registered in the United States.

AB - Transnational non-governmental organizations (TNGOs) in general, and advocacy groups in particular, have gained considerable visibility and influence in global affairs. Since its creation in 1961, Amnesty International has become an authority on human rights issues around the world. Oxfam, Greenpeace, and Doctors Without Borders have gained a similar status on global issues related to development, the environment, and humanitarian relief, respectively. As these organizations have become significant players in global affairs, scholars across a variety of academic fields have begun to analyze the power of transnational advocacy organizations and their networks (Keck and Sikkink, 1998). The majority of early studies in the academic field of international relations viewed advocacy organizations as altruistic actors seeking to advance universally accepted principles. More recent scholarship responding to the principled advocacy literature has argued that TNGOs are better understood as interest-driven actors motivated primarily by the imperative of organizational survival in a competitive environment (Cooley and Ron, 2002; Bob, 2005; Ron, Ramos, and Rodgers, 2005). In this chapter, we take a different approach to the study of advocacy organizations by inquiring into the nature of transnational advocacy itself as well as its organization as a collective endeavor at both the level of individual organizations and the level of networks. To answer questions about the role of advocacy in contemporary transnational activism, we rely on evidence collected in a large-scale study based on 152 interviews with leaders of transnational non-governmental organizations registered in the United States.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85010445363&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85010445363&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/CBO9780511762635

DO - 10.1017/CBO9780511762635

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:85010445363

SN - 9780521198387

SP - 229

EP - 251

BT - Advocacy Organizations and Collective Action

PB - Cambridge University Press

ER -