Advances in Bolometer Technology for Fundamental Physics

S. Pirro, Philip Mauskopf

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the last decade, cryogenic bolometers have provided increasingly improved resolution and sensitivity in particle and radiation detectors. Thermal particle detectors have proven their outstanding capabilities in different fields of fundamental physics, especially in rare event detection. Cryogenic incoherent detector arrays designed to detect millimeter-wave photons have helped enable precision measurements of anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background (CMB), providing a unique probe of early universe physics and helping to constrain parameters of particle physics such as the sum of the neutrino masses. We review the latest achievements of cryogenic particle detectors for direct detection searches for dark matter and double- decay, as well as for CMB measurements, and we discuss expected improvements aiming to increase the sensitivities of these experiments. An important challenge is the large-scale implementation of arrays of detectors such as transition edge sensors, especially in CMB polarization experiments. We describe the challenges of scaling up to these larger arrays, including fabrication throughput and development of new multiplexing electronics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-181
Number of pages21
JournalAnnual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science
Volume67
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 12 2017

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Keywords

  • Cosmic microwave background
  • Cryogenic detectors
  • Dark matter
  • Double- decay
  • TES multiplexing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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