Adsorption of oils from pure liquid and oil-water emulsion on hydrophobic silica aerogels

Ding Wang, Elisabeth McLaughlin, Robert Pfeffer, Y. S. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

97 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents a study on the equilibrium and kinetics of sorption of generic vegetable cooking oil, motor oil, and crude oil from the liquid phase and from an oil-in-water emulsion on two different (0.7-1.2 mm and 1.7-2.35 mm size range) particulate hydrophobic silica aerogel (Cabot Nanogel®). The aerogel has a very high capacity (up to 15.1 g of oil/g of aerogel) and rate (uptake time of 25-1200 s) for adsorption of liquid oils. Thus Nanogel shows very attractive adsorption/absorption properties for oil spill clean-up applications. For adsorption of oil from an oil-in-water emulsion prepared in our laboratory, the rate is 5-10 times slower than that for adsorption of liquid oils or for organics such as toluene from aqueous solution. The adsorption capacity of the aerogel decreases with an increasing proportion of the surfactant used to stabilize the emulsion. When using an industrial oily wastewater sample consisting mainly of jet fuel, an even lower sorption capacity and slower sorption rate was observed due to the high stability of the oily wastewater emulsion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28-35
Number of pages8
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume99
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 8 2012

Keywords

  • Emulsion
  • Freundlich equation
  • Hydrophobic silica aerogels
  • Linear driving force model
  • Sorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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