Adolescents' conceptualization of adult roles

Relationships with age, gender, work goal, and maternal employment

Dorothy W. Jackson, Jenn-Yun Tein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study concerns the construction of the personal stereotypes of "adult" and adulthood roles and the influence of gender, maternal employment, and employment goals of adolescents in formulating a concept of "adult" during two periods in adolescence. A sample of 237 adolescents, 12% non-Caucasian, responded to statements reflecting interpersonal expectations and gender responsibilities attributed to adults. Exploratory factor analysis indicated a four-factor structure in attitudes toward familial and career roles, ideology of fairness, social status, and rational characteristics, which were gender differentiated by contexts and norm references. Analyses of variance on the factor score indicated girls' and young boys' conceptualizations of "adult" were related to maternal employment status and their career goals; older adolescent boys structured the roles of parent, worker, and spouse as traditionally gender typed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)987-1008
Number of pages22
JournalSex Roles
Volume38
Issue number11-12
StatePublished - Jun 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Mothers
adolescent
gender
career
Spouses
fairness
spouse
adulthood
Statistical Factor Analysis
adolescence
stereotype
social status
factor analysis
Analysis of Variance
parents
ideology
worker
responsibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Gender Studies

Cite this

Adolescents' conceptualization of adult roles : Relationships with age, gender, work goal, and maternal employment. / Jackson, Dorothy W.; Tein, Jenn-Yun.

In: Sex Roles, Vol. 38, No. 11-12, 06.1998, p. 987-1008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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