Adolescents and drug abuse: Clinical use of urine drug screening

James Williams, David D. Moore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Urine screening for clinical diagnostic purposes is used to answer the question of whether adolescents are continuing drug abuse. The purpose of this study is to examine the use of urine screening as a procedure to assess and monitor adolescents in an outpatient program who are suspected of continued drag abuse. To systematically evaluate the procedure, 296 adolescent urine screens were analyzed. A total of 36% of the adolescents tested positive for one or more drags of abuse, and 30% tested positive for caneabinoids (THC), with eight testing positive for other drag use. Among the total sample, five (2%) tested positive for opiates, and ten (3%) tested positive for multiple drug use. Of the total sample, twenty-seven (9%) had adulterated urine. In this study, urine screening, which was done for clinical purposes, appeared to be helpful in assessing continued drug use but provides little information regarding the diagnostic level and pattern of drag use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-36
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 17 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Preclinical Drug Evaluations
drug abuse
Substance-Related Disorders
Urine
adolescent
drug
drug use
diagnostic
abuse
Opiate Alkaloids
Dronabinol
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Outpatients

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Bdrag Abuse
  • Urine Screens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Psychology(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Adolescents and drug abuse : Clinical use of urine drug screening. / Williams, James; Moore, David D.

In: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse, Vol. 7, No. 2, 17.02.1998, p. 19-36.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{111be2c79506444c9b1f38e4dd0e225c,
title = "Adolescents and drug abuse: Clinical use of urine drug screening",
abstract = "Urine screening for clinical diagnostic purposes is used to answer the question of whether adolescents are continuing drug abuse. The purpose of this study is to examine the use of urine screening as a procedure to assess and monitor adolescents in an outpatient program who are suspected of continued drag abuse. To systematically evaluate the procedure, 296 adolescent urine screens were analyzed. A total of 36{\%} of the adolescents tested positive for one or more drags of abuse, and 30{\%} tested positive for caneabinoids (THC), with eight testing positive for other drag use. Among the total sample, five (2{\%}) tested positive for opiates, and ten (3{\%}) tested positive for multiple drug use. Of the total sample, twenty-seven (9{\%}) had adulterated urine. In this study, urine screening, which was done for clinical purposes, appeared to be helpful in assessing continued drug use but provides little information regarding the diagnostic level and pattern of drag use.",
keywords = "Adolescents, Bdrag Abuse, Urine Screens",
author = "James Williams and Moore, {David D.}",
year = "1998",
month = "2",
day = "17",
doi = "10.1300/J029v07n02_02",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "7",
pages = "19--36",
journal = "Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse",
issn = "1067-828X",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adolescents and drug abuse

T2 - Clinical use of urine drug screening

AU - Williams, James

AU - Moore, David D.

PY - 1998/2/17

Y1 - 1998/2/17

N2 - Urine screening for clinical diagnostic purposes is used to answer the question of whether adolescents are continuing drug abuse. The purpose of this study is to examine the use of urine screening as a procedure to assess and monitor adolescents in an outpatient program who are suspected of continued drag abuse. To systematically evaluate the procedure, 296 adolescent urine screens were analyzed. A total of 36% of the adolescents tested positive for one or more drags of abuse, and 30% tested positive for caneabinoids (THC), with eight testing positive for other drag use. Among the total sample, five (2%) tested positive for opiates, and ten (3%) tested positive for multiple drug use. Of the total sample, twenty-seven (9%) had adulterated urine. In this study, urine screening, which was done for clinical purposes, appeared to be helpful in assessing continued drug use but provides little information regarding the diagnostic level and pattern of drag use.

AB - Urine screening for clinical diagnostic purposes is used to answer the question of whether adolescents are continuing drug abuse. The purpose of this study is to examine the use of urine screening as a procedure to assess and monitor adolescents in an outpatient program who are suspected of continued drag abuse. To systematically evaluate the procedure, 296 adolescent urine screens were analyzed. A total of 36% of the adolescents tested positive for one or more drags of abuse, and 30% tested positive for caneabinoids (THC), with eight testing positive for other drag use. Among the total sample, five (2%) tested positive for opiates, and ten (3%) tested positive for multiple drug use. Of the total sample, twenty-seven (9%) had adulterated urine. In this study, urine screening, which was done for clinical purposes, appeared to be helpful in assessing continued drug use but provides little information regarding the diagnostic level and pattern of drag use.

KW - Adolescents

KW - Bdrag Abuse

KW - Urine Screens

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031325845&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031325845&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1300/J029v07n02_02

DO - 10.1300/J029v07n02_02

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0031325845

VL - 7

SP - 19

EP - 36

JO - Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse

JF - Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse

SN - 1067-828X

IS - 2

ER -