Adolescent health-risk sexual behaviors: Effects of a drug abuse intervention

Hyman Hops, Timothy J. Ozechowski, Holly B. Waldron, Betsy Davis, Charles W. Turner, Janet L. Brody, Manuel Barrera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adolescents who abuse substances are more likely to engage in health-risking sexual behavior (HRSB) and are at particularly high risk for HIV/AIDS. Thus, substance abuse treatment presents a prime opportunity to target HIV-risk behaviors. The present study evaluated a one-session HIV-risk intervention embedded in a controlled clinical trial for drug-abusing adolescents. The trial was conducted in New Mexico and Oregon with Hispanic and Anglo adolescents. Youths were randomly assigned to individual cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) or to an integrated behavioral and family therapy (IBFT) condition, involving individual and family sessions. The HIV-specific intervention was not associated with change. IBFT and CBT were both efficacious in reducing HIV-risk behaviors from intake to the 18-month follow-up for high-risk adolescents. For low-risk adolescents, CBT (versus IBFT) was more efficacious in suppressing HRSB. These data suggest that drug abuse treatments can have both preventative and intervention effects for adolescents, depending on their relative HIV-risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1664-1676
Number of pages13
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume15
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2011

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • HIV-risk
  • Substance-abuse
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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