Contingent-reward behavior and charismatic leadership were examined in this study of 186 United States Navy officers. As expected, contingent-reward behavior was significantly related to multiple measures of leader effectiveness. Hierarchical regression was used to show how charisma added unique variance beyond that of contingent-reward behavior for understanding leader effectiveness. Conversely, contingent-reward behavior had no effect beyond that of charisma. Results were discussed in terms of the potential need for charismatic leadership at various management levels to ensure effectiveness.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Applied Psychology
- Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management