Adaptive behaviors of experts in following standard protocol in trauma management: implications for developing flexible guidelines.

Mithra Vankipuram, Vafa Ghaemmaghami, Vimla Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Critical care environments are complex and dynamic. To adapt to such environments, clinicians may be required to make alterations to their workflows resulting in deviations from standard procedures. In this work, deviations from standards in trauma critical care are studied. Thirty trauma cases were observed in a Level 1 trauma center. Activities tracked were compared to the Advance Trauma Life Support standard to determine (i) if deviations had occurred, (ii) type of deviations and (iii) whether deviations were initiated by individuals or collaboratively by the team. Results show that expert clinicians deviated to innovate, while deviations of novices result mostly in error. Experts' well developed knowledge allows for flexibility and adaptiveness in dealing with standards, resulting in innovative deviations while minimizing errors made. Providing informatics solution, in such a setting, would mean that standard protocols would have be flexible enough to "learn" from new knowledge, yet provide strong support for the trainees.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1412-1421
Number of pages10
JournalUnknown Journal
Volume2012
StatePublished - 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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