Adapting the individual placement and support model with homeless young adults

Kristin Ferguson-Colvin, Bin Xie, Shirley Glynn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Prior research reveals high unemployment rates among homeless young adults. The literature offers many examples of using evidence-based supported employment models with vulnerable populations to assist them in obtaining and maintaining competitive employment; yet few examples exist to date with homeless young adults with mental illness. Objective: The purpose of this study was thus to adapt an evidence-based intervention for adults with psychiatric illnesses [i. e., the Individual Placement and Support (IPS)] with homeless young adults with mental illness. Methods: Convenience sampling was used to recruit 20 homeless young adults (ages 18-24) with mental illness from the host agency. Participants received the IPS intervention over 10 months. A comparison sample was used at a separate agency of 16 homeless young adults with mental illness, who received standard agency services. Using a pre-post, self-comparison quasi-experimental design, the impact of the IPS was assessed on five employment outcomes: (1) ever-worked rate, (2) working-at-follow-up rate, (3) monthly work rate, (4) weekly work hours and (5) weekly income. Results: The IPS group was significantly more likely to have worked at some point over the 10-month study as well as to have worked a greater number of months overall. Conclusions: Findings provide greater insight into adapting, implementing and evaluating the IPS model with homeless young adults with mental illness. The study demonstrates that the IPS model is adaptable to work with homeless young adults with mental illness and is associated with successful retention and employment outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-294
Number of pages18
JournalChild and Youth Care Forum
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

young adult
mental illness
unemployment rate
evidence
illness
income
Group

Keywords

  • Competitive employment
  • Homeless young adults
  • Individual placement and support
  • Mental health
  • Supported employment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Cite this

Adapting the individual placement and support model with homeless young adults. / Ferguson-Colvin, Kristin; Xie, Bin; Glynn, Shirley.

In: Child and Youth Care Forum, Vol. 41, No. 3, 06.2012, p. 277-294.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3b50cba4179d4f718b2b86958d703d87,
title = "Adapting the individual placement and support model with homeless young adults",
abstract = "Background: Prior research reveals high unemployment rates among homeless young adults. The literature offers many examples of using evidence-based supported employment models with vulnerable populations to assist them in obtaining and maintaining competitive employment; yet few examples exist to date with homeless young adults with mental illness. Objective: The purpose of this study was thus to adapt an evidence-based intervention for adults with psychiatric illnesses [i. e., the Individual Placement and Support (IPS)] with homeless young adults with mental illness. Methods: Convenience sampling was used to recruit 20 homeless young adults (ages 18-24) with mental illness from the host agency. Participants received the IPS intervention over 10 months. A comparison sample was used at a separate agency of 16 homeless young adults with mental illness, who received standard agency services. Using a pre-post, self-comparison quasi-experimental design, the impact of the IPS was assessed on five employment outcomes: (1) ever-worked rate, (2) working-at-follow-up rate, (3) monthly work rate, (4) weekly work hours and (5) weekly income. Results: The IPS group was significantly more likely to have worked at some point over the 10-month study as well as to have worked a greater number of months overall. Conclusions: Findings provide greater insight into adapting, implementing and evaluating the IPS model with homeless young adults with mental illness. The study demonstrates that the IPS model is adaptable to work with homeless young adults with mental illness and is associated with successful retention and employment outcomes.",
keywords = "Competitive employment, Homeless young adults, Individual placement and support, Mental health, Supported employment",
author = "Kristin Ferguson-Colvin and Bin Xie and Shirley Glynn",
year = "2012",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1007/s10566-011-9163-5",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "41",
pages = "277--294",
journal = "Child and Youth Care Forum",
issn = "1053-1890",
publisher = "Human Sciences Press",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adapting the individual placement and support model with homeless young adults

AU - Ferguson-Colvin, Kristin

AU - Xie, Bin

AU - Glynn, Shirley

PY - 2012/6

Y1 - 2012/6

N2 - Background: Prior research reveals high unemployment rates among homeless young adults. The literature offers many examples of using evidence-based supported employment models with vulnerable populations to assist them in obtaining and maintaining competitive employment; yet few examples exist to date with homeless young adults with mental illness. Objective: The purpose of this study was thus to adapt an evidence-based intervention for adults with psychiatric illnesses [i. e., the Individual Placement and Support (IPS)] with homeless young adults with mental illness. Methods: Convenience sampling was used to recruit 20 homeless young adults (ages 18-24) with mental illness from the host agency. Participants received the IPS intervention over 10 months. A comparison sample was used at a separate agency of 16 homeless young adults with mental illness, who received standard agency services. Using a pre-post, self-comparison quasi-experimental design, the impact of the IPS was assessed on five employment outcomes: (1) ever-worked rate, (2) working-at-follow-up rate, (3) monthly work rate, (4) weekly work hours and (5) weekly income. Results: The IPS group was significantly more likely to have worked at some point over the 10-month study as well as to have worked a greater number of months overall. Conclusions: Findings provide greater insight into adapting, implementing and evaluating the IPS model with homeless young adults with mental illness. The study demonstrates that the IPS model is adaptable to work with homeless young adults with mental illness and is associated with successful retention and employment outcomes.

AB - Background: Prior research reveals high unemployment rates among homeless young adults. The literature offers many examples of using evidence-based supported employment models with vulnerable populations to assist them in obtaining and maintaining competitive employment; yet few examples exist to date with homeless young adults with mental illness. Objective: The purpose of this study was thus to adapt an evidence-based intervention for adults with psychiatric illnesses [i. e., the Individual Placement and Support (IPS)] with homeless young adults with mental illness. Methods: Convenience sampling was used to recruit 20 homeless young adults (ages 18-24) with mental illness from the host agency. Participants received the IPS intervention over 10 months. A comparison sample was used at a separate agency of 16 homeless young adults with mental illness, who received standard agency services. Using a pre-post, self-comparison quasi-experimental design, the impact of the IPS was assessed on five employment outcomes: (1) ever-worked rate, (2) working-at-follow-up rate, (3) monthly work rate, (4) weekly work hours and (5) weekly income. Results: The IPS group was significantly more likely to have worked at some point over the 10-month study as well as to have worked a greater number of months overall. Conclusions: Findings provide greater insight into adapting, implementing and evaluating the IPS model with homeless young adults with mental illness. The study demonstrates that the IPS model is adaptable to work with homeless young adults with mental illness and is associated with successful retention and employment outcomes.

KW - Competitive employment

KW - Homeless young adults

KW - Individual placement and support

KW - Mental health

KW - Supported employment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84860435222&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84860435222&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10566-011-9163-5

DO - 10.1007/s10566-011-9163-5

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84860435222

VL - 41

SP - 277

EP - 294

JO - Child and Youth Care Forum

JF - Child and Youth Care Forum

SN - 1053-1890

IS - 3

ER -