Adaptation of families with mentally retarded children: A model of stress, coping, and family ecology

K. A. Crnic, W. N. Friedrich, M. T. Greenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

315 Scopus citations

Abstract

Research concerned with families of mentally retarded children has often yielded inconsistent, and at times, contradictory findings. This inconsistency is partly due to methodological inadequacies and a narrow focus on unidimensional variables with unimodal measurements. In addition, no succinct model has been presented to explain family adaptation and the range of possible outcomes. In this paper a critical review focused on parents, siblings, parent-child interactions, and family systems was presented. A comprehensive conceptual model was proposed that accounts for (a) the range of possible familial adaptations, both positive and negative, involving the impact of perceived stress associated with the presence of a retarded child; and (b) the family's coping resources and ecological environments as interactive systems that serve to mediate the family's response to stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-138
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Mental Deficiency
Volume88
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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