Activation of cytokine-producing and antitumor activities of natural killer cells and macrophages by engagement of Toll-like and NOD-like receptors

Fu Qiu, Amudhan Maniar, Marco Quevedo Diaz, Andrei I. Chapoval, Andrei E. Medvedev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Macrophages and natural killer (NK) cells are important antitumor effectors by virtue of their ability to produce cytokines, chemokines and interferons (IFNs) and to mediate tumor cytotoxicity. Little is known about the impact of Toll-like receptor (TLR) and nucleotide binding and oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor (NLR) pathways on NK cell functions, and the role of TLRs and NLRs in macrophage activation is incompletely understood. In this study, we examined the capacities of expressed TLRs and NLRs to elicit cytokine production in human NK cells and THP1 macrophages, and to activate NK cytotoxicity against the squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck cell line Tu167 and erythroleukemia K562 cells. We found that NK cells express high levels of NOD2, NLRP3, TLR3, TLR7, and TLR9, while NOD1 was expressed at low levels. All tested NLR and TLR agonists potentiated NK cytotoxicity against Tu167 cells, whereas only poly (I:C) increased NK cytotoxicity against K562 cells. Poly (I:C) and Escherichia coli RNA markedly up-regulated TNF-α and IFN-γ expression in the NK92 cell line and human CD56 +CD3 - primary NK cells. High levels of NOD2, TLR7 and TLR9 proteins were observed in human THP1 cells, followed by TLR3, NOD1, and NLRP3. Stimulation of NLRP3 with E. coli RNA led to the highest induction of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-12p40, RANTES and IFN-β, whereas TLR7, TLR3, TLR9, NOD1 and NOD2 agonists had lower effects. Our data reveal involvement of TLRs and NLRs in potentiation of antitumor cytotoxicity and cytokine-producing activities of human NK cells and macrophages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)375-387
Number of pages13
JournalInnate Immunity
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Innate immunity
  • NK cells/macrophages
  • Toll-like receptors
  • cell activation
  • signal transduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology
  • Infectious Diseases

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