Ache at the settlement: Contrasts between farming and foraging

Kristen Hawkes, Hillard Kaplan, Kim Hill, Ana Hurtado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Northern Ache comprise a small continuously interacting population with a shared community history. Full-time hunter-gatherers until recently, they now divide their time between mobile foraging and settled farming. Here we describe adult time allocation at the settlement and contrast it with our previous descriptions of time allocation during foraging periods. We report that at the settlement men and women work fewer hours each day than they do in the forest, people eat less, women do more work apart from their children, and men invest more in direct parental care. Explanations for differences in time allocation between foragers and farmers should apply to the variation in work effort, production goals, division of labor, and parenting strategies reported here, and conversely.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-161
Number of pages29
JournalHuman Ecology
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1987
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

time allocation
hunter-gatherer
parental care
labor division
women's work
division of labor
history
farmer
time
Farming
Foraging
woman
community

Keywords

  • sexual strategies
  • subsistence changes
  • time allocation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Ache at the settlement : Contrasts between farming and foraging. / Hawkes, Kristen; Kaplan, Hillard; Hill, Kim; Hurtado, Ana.

In: Human Ecology, Vol. 15, No. 2, 06.1987, p. 133-161.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hawkes, Kristen ; Kaplan, Hillard ; Hill, Kim ; Hurtado, Ana. / Ache at the settlement : Contrasts between farming and foraging. In: Human Ecology. 1987 ; Vol. 15, No. 2. pp. 133-161.
@article{6f88077fb819445a9b109768658ecc2a,
title = "Ache at the settlement: Contrasts between farming and foraging",
abstract = "The Northern Ache comprise a small continuously interacting population with a shared community history. Full-time hunter-gatherers until recently, they now divide their time between mobile foraging and settled farming. Here we describe adult time allocation at the settlement and contrast it with our previous descriptions of time allocation during foraging periods. We report that at the settlement men and women work fewer hours each day than they do in the forest, people eat less, women do more work apart from their children, and men invest more in direct parental care. Explanations for differences in time allocation between foragers and farmers should apply to the variation in work effort, production goals, division of labor, and parenting strategies reported here, and conversely.",
keywords = "sexual strategies, subsistence changes, time allocation",
author = "Kristen Hawkes and Hillard Kaplan and Kim Hill and Ana Hurtado",
year = "1987",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1007/BF00888378",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "15",
pages = "133--161",
journal = "Human Ecology",
issn = "0300-7839",
publisher = "Springer Science + Business Media",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ache at the settlement

T2 - Contrasts between farming and foraging

AU - Hawkes, Kristen

AU - Kaplan, Hillard

AU - Hill, Kim

AU - Hurtado, Ana

PY - 1987/6

Y1 - 1987/6

N2 - The Northern Ache comprise a small continuously interacting population with a shared community history. Full-time hunter-gatherers until recently, they now divide their time between mobile foraging and settled farming. Here we describe adult time allocation at the settlement and contrast it with our previous descriptions of time allocation during foraging periods. We report that at the settlement men and women work fewer hours each day than they do in the forest, people eat less, women do more work apart from their children, and men invest more in direct parental care. Explanations for differences in time allocation between foragers and farmers should apply to the variation in work effort, production goals, division of labor, and parenting strategies reported here, and conversely.

AB - The Northern Ache comprise a small continuously interacting population with a shared community history. Full-time hunter-gatherers until recently, they now divide their time between mobile foraging and settled farming. Here we describe adult time allocation at the settlement and contrast it with our previous descriptions of time allocation during foraging periods. We report that at the settlement men and women work fewer hours each day than they do in the forest, people eat less, women do more work apart from their children, and men invest more in direct parental care. Explanations for differences in time allocation between foragers and farmers should apply to the variation in work effort, production goals, division of labor, and parenting strategies reported here, and conversely.

KW - sexual strategies

KW - subsistence changes

KW - time allocation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0023512273&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0023512273&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/BF00888378

DO - 10.1007/BF00888378

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0023512273

VL - 15

SP - 133

EP - 161

JO - Human Ecology

JF - Human Ecology

SN - 0300-7839

IS - 2

ER -