Accurate Cooperative Sensor Fusion by Parameterized Covariance Generation for Sensing and Localization Pipelines in CAVs

Edward Andert, Aviral Shrivastava

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A major challenge in cooperative sensing is to weight the measurements taken from the various sources to get an accurate result. Ideally, the weights should be inversely proportional to the error in the sensing information. However, previous cooperative sensor fusion approaches for autonomous vehicles use a fixed error model, in which the covariance of a sensor and its recognizer pipeline is just the mean of the measured covariance for all sensing scenarios. The approach proposed in this paper estimates error using key predictor terms that have high correlation with sensing and localization accuracy for accurate covariance estimation of each sensor observation. We adopt a tiered fusion model consisting of local and global sensor fusion steps. At the local fusion level, we add in a covariance generation stage using the error model for each sensor and the measured distance to generate the expected covariance matrix for each observation. At the global sensor fusion stage we add an additional stage to generate the localization covariance matrix from the key predictor term velocity and combines that with the covariance generated from the local fusion for accurate cooperative sensing. To showcase our method, we built a set of 1/10 scale model autonomous vehicles with scale accurate sensing capabilities and classified the error characteristics against a motion capture system. Results show an average and max improvement in RMSE when detecting vehicle positions of 1.42x and 1.78x respectively in a four-vehicle cooperative fusion scenario when using our error model versus a typical fixed error model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2022 IEEE 25th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, ITSC 2022
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages3595-3602
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781665468800
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
Event25th IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, ITSC 2022 - Macau, China
Duration: Oct 8 2022Oct 12 2022

Publication series

NameIEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Proceedings, ITSC
Volume2022-October

Conference

Conference25th IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, ITSC 2022
Country/TerritoryChina
CityMacau
Period10/8/2210/12/22

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

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