Acculturation and latino family processes: How cultural involvement, biculturalism, and acculturation gaps influence family dynamics

Paul R. Smokowski, Roderick Rose, Martica L. Bacallao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

144 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigated how adolescent and parent acculturation (culture-of-origin and U.S. cultural involvement, biculturalism, acculturation conflicts, and parent-adolescent acculturation gaps) influenced family dynamics (family cohesion, adaptability, familism, and parent-adolescent conflict) in a sample of 402 Latino families from North Carolina and Arizona. Multiple regression and hierarchical linear models suggested that culture-of-origin involvement and biculturalism were cultural assets related to positive outcomes, whereas acculturation conflict was inversely related to positive family dynamics and positively related to parent-adolescent conflict. Parent-adolescent acculturation gaps were inversely associated with family cohesion, adaptability, and familism but were unrelated to parent-adolescent conflict. Limitations and implications for practice are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)295-308
Number of pages14
JournalFamily Relations
Volume57
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008

Keywords

  • Acculturation
  • Latinos
  • Parent-child conflict
  • Parent-child relationships

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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