Acculturation and aggression in Latino adolescents: A structural model focusing on cultural risk factors and assets

Paul R. Smokowski, Martica L. Bacallao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

109 Scopus citations

Abstract

The specific aim of this investigation was to map cultural factors associated with aggressive behavior in Latino adolescents. Interviews were conducted with a sample of 481 foreign- and U.S.-born Latino adolescents living in North Carolina and Arizona. Structural Equation Modeling was used to validate a conceptual model linking adolescent and parent culture-of-origin and U.S. cultural involvement, acculturation conflicts, and perceived discrimination to family processes (familism and parent-adolescent conflict) and adolescent aggression. Parent-adolescent conflict was the strongest cultural risk factor followed by perceived discrimination. Familism and adolescent culture-of-origin involvement were key cultural assets associated with less aggressive behavior. Exploratory mediation analyses suggested that familism and parent-adolescent conflict mediated the effects of acculturation conflicts, parent and adolescent culture-oforigin involvement, and parent U.S. cultural involvement on adolescent aggression. Implications for prevention programming were discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)659-673
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2006

Keywords

  • Acculturation
  • Adolescents
  • Aggression
  • Culture
  • Immigrants
  • Latinos

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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