Accelerometer measured sedentary behavior and physical activity in white and black adults: The REGARDS study

Steven P. Hooker, Brent Hutto, Wenfei Zhu, Steven N. Blair, Natalie Colabianchi, John E. Vena, David Rhodes, Virginia J. Howard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Health disparities between subgroups may be partially due to differences in lifestyle behaviors such as sedentariness and physical activity. To obtain a more accurate description of these two lifestyle behaviors, accelerometry was employed among a large sample of white and black adults (ages 49-99 years) living in the United States. Design: Cross-sectional. Methods: 7967 participants from the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke cohort wore an Actical™ accelerometer ≥10 h/day for ≥4 days. Time (mean minutes/day and proportion of total wear time) spent in sedentary behavior, light intensity physical activity, and moderate-vigorous intensity physical activity was compared by sex, age, body mass index, race, and geographic location. Results: Proportion of total wear time spent in sedentary behavior was 75-90%, light intensity physical activity was 10-23%, and moderate-vigorous intensity physical activity was 0-1.7% across subgroups. Mean moderate-vigorous intensity physical activity was 0-16 min/day and associated with 3-12% accumulating ≥150 min/wk using a 10-min bout criterion. Persons ≥85 years, those classified obese, persons living in the southeastern United States, and black women were the most inactive. The proportion achieving at least one 10-min bout of moderate-vigorous intensity physical activity per week was only 36%. The number of 10-min bouts/week was 1.5 ± 0.08 bouts/week. The distribution of weekly moderate-vigorous intensity physical activity was similar across nearly all subgroups with a distinct reverse J-shaped configuration. Conclusions: The vast majority of white and black midlife and older adults in this study engaged sparingly in moderate-vigorous intensity physical activity, accumulated tremendous amounts of sedentary behavior, and seldom engaged in continuous bouts of health-enhancing physical activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)336-341
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

Keywords

  • African American
  • Aging
  • Cohort
  • Exercise
  • Movement sensor
  • Patterns

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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    Hooker, S. P., Hutto, B., Zhu, W., Blair, S. N., Colabianchi, N., Vena, J. E., Rhodes, D., & Howard, V. J. (2016). Accelerometer measured sedentary behavior and physical activity in white and black adults: The REGARDS study. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 19(4), 336-341. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2015.04.006